Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


942

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas
Documented growing wild in - NC SC

Common (rare in Piedmont, rare in Coastal Plain, rare in SC)

Look for it on seepage slopes, periglacial boulderfields with abundant seepage, streambanks, boggy places, usually in strong to moderately filtered sunlight, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite
Leaves have petioles.

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Scarlet-red
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-toothed calyx
2-lipped tubular corolla
2 exserted stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Monarda didyma   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Monarda didyma   FAMILY Lamiaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 164-23-001:
Monarda didyma   FAMILY Lamiaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Bee-balm, Oswego Tea


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Monarda didyma

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_modi_001_lvd

        

image of Monarda didyma

JK Marlow    jkm0305o_20

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Leaves ovate to deltoid-ovate to lanceolate, serrate, base nearly rounded, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Monarda didyma

Craig Myers    cam_red

July        NC-TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Monarda was widely used as a source of tea after the Boston Tea Party, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Monarda didyma

Gill Newberry    gn07_m_didyma_plants

July        

image of Monarda didyma

Gill Newberry    gn07_monard_didyma_inf

July        

Showy reddish bracts, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Monarda didyma

Keith Bradley    kab_monarda_didyma_2208

July    Haywood County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Monarda didyma

Keith Bradley    kab_monarda_didyma_2226

July    Haywood County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Monarda didyma

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_m_didyma_72306_2

July    Towns-Union Counties    GA

Brasstown Bald

image of Monarda didyma

JK Marlow    jkm0308v_11

August    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Pollinator at work.

image of Monarda didyma

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmdidyma_brp90

Month Unknown        NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Corolla odorless, upper lip nearly straight, with no obvious tuft of hairs, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Monarda didyma

Tim Spira    tpsmdidyma

Month Unknown