OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Caryophyllales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Opuntia drummondii   FAMILY Cactaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH (APPARENTLY MISAPPLIED) PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Opuntia pusilla   FAMILY Cactaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
Opuntia drummondii

SYNONYMOUS WITH (APPARENTLY MISAPPLIED) Flora of North America
Opuntia pusilla

SYNONYMOUS WITH (APPARENTLY MISAPPLIED) The Biota of North America Program. BONAP (Kartesz, 2015)
Opuntia pusilla

SYNONYMOUS WITH (APPARENTLY MISAPPLIED) Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Opuntia pusilla

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 132-01-002:
Opuntia drummondii   FAMILY Cactaceae

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Opuntia drummondii

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Opuntia tracyi

 

COMMON NAME:
Dune Prickly-pear, Dune Devil-joint, Devils-joint Cactus, Little Prickly-pear


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Opuntia drummondii, Dune Prickly-pear, Dune Devil-joint, Devils-joint Cactus, Little Prickly-pear

JK Marlow    jkm0303e_16

March    Beaufort County    SC

Hunting Island State Park

Clusters of hairlike spines are scattered with or without sharp 2-4" spines, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Opuntia drummondii, Dune Prickly-pear, Dune Devil-joint, Devils-joint Cactus, Little Prickly-pear

Steve Marlow    snm080301_002

March    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

Stems segmented into loosely attached joints that readily become detached, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Opuntia drummondii, Dune Prickly-pear, Dune Devil-joint, Devils-joint Cactus, Little Prickly-pear

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmopusilla_stjoe1

June    Gulf County    FL

Stem segments narrowly elliptic to linear, sometimes somewhat cylindric, per Flora of North America.

image of Opuntia drummondii, Dune Prickly-pear, Dune Devil-joint, Devils-joint Cactus, Little Prickly-pear

JK Marlow    jkm0309r_11

September    Georgetown County    SC

Huntington Beach State Park

Fruits green becoming red-purple at late maturity, barrel-shaped, spineless, per Flora of North America.

image of Opuntia drummondii, Dune Prickly-pear, Dune Devil-joint, Devils-joint Cactus, Little Prickly-pear

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmo_pusilla

Month Unknown        

Inner tepals yellow throughout; filaments & anthers yellow; stigma lobes white, per Flora of North America.

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Opuntia drummondii   FAMILY Cactaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (APPARENTLY MISAPPLIED) PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Opuntia pusilla   FAMILY Cactaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
Opuntia drummondii

SYNONYMOUS WITH (APPARENTLY MISAPPLIED) Flora of North America
Opuntia pusilla

SYNONYMOUS WITH (APPARENTLY MISAPPLIED) The Biota of North America Program. BONAP (Kartesz, 2015)
Opuntia pusilla

SYNONYMOUS WITH (APPARENTLY MISAPPLIED) Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Opuntia pusilla

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 132-01-002:
Opuntia drummondii   FAMILY Cactaceae

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Opuntia drummondii

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Opuntia tracyi

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

987

Shrub
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Uncommon

Habitat: dunes on barrier islands, less commonly inland on river-associated sands and on granite outcrops, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Cladodes armed with glochids (hair-like spines or short prickles) & spines

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Yellow
Bisexual or sometimes functionally staminate
Radially symmetrical
Numerous tepals (usually)
Numerous stamens (usually)
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Magenta
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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