Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


987

Shrub
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon

Look for it on dunes on barrier islands, less commonly on river-associated sands and on granite outcrops, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Yellow
Bisexual or sometimes functionally staminate
Radially symmetrical
Numerous tepals (usually)
Numerous stamens (usually)
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Magenta
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Caryophyllales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Opuntia drummondii   FAMILY Cactaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Opuntia pusilla   FAMILY Cactaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 132-01-002:
Opuntia drummondii   FAMILY Cactaceae

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Opuntia drummondii

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Opuntia tracyi

 

COMMON NAME:
Dune Prickly Pear, Dune Devil-joint, Devils-joint Cactus


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Opuntia drummondii

JK Marlow    jkm0303e_16

March    Beaufort County    SC

Hunting Island State Park

Clusters of hairlike spines are scattered with or without sharp 2-4" spines, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Opuntia drummondii

Steve Marlow    snm080301_002

March    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

Stems segmented into loosely attached joints that readily become detached, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Opuntia drummondii

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmopusilla_stjoe1

June    Gulf County    FL

Stem segments narrowly elliptic to linear, sometimes somewhat cylindric, per Flora of North America.

image of Opuntia drummondii

JK Marlow    jkm0309r_11

September    Georgetown County    SC

Huntington Beach State Park

Fruits green becoming red-purple at late maturity, barrel-shaped, spineless, per Flora of North America.

image of Opuntia drummondii

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmo_pusilla

Month Unknown        

Inner tepals yellow throughout; filaments & anthers yellow; stigma lobes white, per Flora of North America.