Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


990

Forb
Perennial

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common to uncommon, depending on province

Look for it in lawns, old fields, bottomlands, forests (it is commonly cultivated), per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009

 

full sun partial shade

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal (plant scapose, leaves usually withered at flowering)

FLOWER:
Spring
White (green on back)
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals in two whorls of 3
6 stamens
Superior ovary
Inflorescence corymbose in flower, racemose in fruit

FRUIT:
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Ornithogalum umbellatum   FAMILY Hyacinthaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Ornithogalum umbellatum   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-28-001:
Ornithogalum umbellatum   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Ornithogalum umbellatum

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Ornithogalum umbellatum

 

COMMON NAME:
Star of Bethlehem


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Ornithogalum umbellatum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_orum_001_lvd

        

image of Ornithogalum umbellatum

JK Marlow    jkm120329_162

March    Greenville County    SC

Flowers erect; perianth opening flat or bowl-shaped in sun, closing at night, per Flora of North America.

image of Ornithogalum umbellatum

JK Marlow    jkm120329_166

March    Greenville County    SC

Inflorescence a corymb, which elongates into a raceme as fruits develop, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Ornithogalum umbellatum

JK Marlow    jkm120329_173

March    Greenville County    SC

Leaves have a white stripe on upper surface & wither soon after flowering, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Ornithogalum umbellatum

JK Marlow    jkm120329_174

March    Greenville County    SC

The tepals are spreading and white with a broad green stripe on the back, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE False Garlic and Star-of-Bethlehem

image of Ornithogalum umbellatum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_o_umbellatum

April        

Stamens about half the length of the perianth, the filaments membranous-winged, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.