Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 34 taxa in the family Onagraceae, Evening Primrose family, as understood by Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

            Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on one takes you to more information and/or pictures.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Wingstem Water-primrose, Wingleaf Primrose-willow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ludwigia decurrens   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia decurrens   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia decurrens 137-01-001   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in swamp forests, ditches

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Water-willow, Primrose Willow, Anglestem Primrose-willow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ludwigia leptocarpa   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia leptocarpa   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia leptocarpa 137-01-003   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it on riverbanks, in marshes, & ditches

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont & Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Showy Water-primrose, Large-flower Water-primrose
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Ludwigia grandiflora   FAMILY: Onagraceae
(?) SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia grandiflora ssp. grandiflora   FAMILY: Onagraceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia uruguayensis 137-01-004?   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in ponds, lakes, sluggish waters of ditches or streams

Uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare in Piedmont

Non-native

 


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camera icon Common Name: Common Water-primrose
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Ludwigia hexapetala   FAMILY: Onagraceae
(?) SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia grandiflora ssp. hexapetala   FAMILY: Onagraceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia uruguayensis 137-01-004?   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in ponds, lakes, sluggish waters of ditches or streams

Uncommon in Coastal Plain of NC-SC, rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC

Non-native

 


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camera icon Common Name: Savanna Seedbox, Slender Seedbox
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ludwigia virgata   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia virgata   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia virgata 137-01-006   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in wet savannas

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Harper's Seedbox, Seaside Seedbox
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Ludwigia maritima   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia maritima   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia maritima 137-01-007   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in pine savannas, pine flatwoods, bogs

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Rafinesque's Seedbox
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ludwigia hirtella   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia hirtella   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia hirtella 137-01-008   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in savannas, rarely in mountain bogs

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont & Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Alternate-leaf Seedbox, Bushy Seedbox
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ludwigia alternifolia   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia alternifolia   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia alternifolia 137-01-009   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in ditches, marshes, open wet places, disturbed wet places

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Shrubby Seedbox
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ludwigia suffruticosa   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia suffruticosa   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia suffruticosa 137-01-014   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in periodically to seasonally flooded portions of limesink ponds (dolines) and clay-based Carolina bays

Common (rare in NC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Pondshore Seedbox, piedmont primrose-willow, Needleleaf Ludwigia
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Ludwigia arcuata   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia arcuata   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia arcuata 137-01-019   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in marshes or submerged in water of natural Coastal Plain ponds

Uncommon

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


drawing of Ludwigia brevipes, Long Beach Seedbox, Coastal Plain Water-purslane need picture of leaf or frond of Ludwigia brevipes, Long Beach Seedbox, Coastal Plain Water-purslane need picture of flower of Ludwigia brevipes, Long Beach Seedbox, Coastal Plain Water-purslane need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Ludwigia brevipes, Long Beach Seedbox, Coastal Plain Water-purslane need picture of fruit of Ludwigia brevipes, Long Beach Seedbox, Coastal Plain Water-purslane
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Common Name: Long Beach Seedbox, Coastal Plain Water-purslane
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ludwigia brevipes   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia brevipes   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia brevipes 137-01-020   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it on pondshores, blackwater rivers, interdunal swales, borrow ponds, ditches, impoundments, marshes

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Creeping Seedbox
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Ludwigia repens   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia repens   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia repens 137-01-021   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in ditches, pools, and streams

Uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare in Piedmont

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Water-purslane, Marsh Purslane, Marsh Seedbox
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ludwigia palustris   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia palustris   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia palustris 137-01-023   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it moist to wet disturbed areas

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Evening Primrose
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera biennis   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oenothera biennis   FAMILY: Onagraceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera biennis 137-02-001   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in fields, pastures, roadsides, disturbed areas

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Beach Evening Primrose, Drummond's Evening Primrose
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Oenothera drummondii   FAMILY: Onagraceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Oenothera drummondii   FAMILY: Onagraceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera drummondii 137-02-003   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it on sandy ocean beaches, disturbed areas

Rare, perhaps only introduced or adventive from the Gulf Coast

Native: Gulf state(s); occurrences in FL-SC-NC are also plausible as native

 


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camera icon Common Name: Dunes Evening Primrose, Seabeach Evening Primrose, Spreading Evening Primrose
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera humifusa   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oenothera humifusa   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera humifusa 137-02-004   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it on coastal sand dunes

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Cutleaf Evening Primrose
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera laciniata   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oenothera laciniata   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera laciniata var. laciniata 137-02-006a   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Showy Evening Primrose, White Evening Primrose, Pink-ladies, Pink Evening Primrose
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera speciosa   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oenothera speciosa   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera speciosa 137-02-007   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it on roadsides & in fields, also cultivated as an ornamental

Common (rare in Mountains)

Native: west of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Little Sundrops, Small Sundrops
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera perennis   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oenothera perennis   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera perennis 137-02-008   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in bogs, sphagnous seeps, moist fields

Rare in NC-SC

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Sundrops, Narrowleaf Sundrops
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera fruticosa +   FAMILY: Onagraceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Oenothera fruticosa ssp. fruticosa   FAMILY: Onagraceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera fruticosa 137-02-009   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Riverbank Evening Primrose, Riverbank Sundrops
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera riparia   FAMILY: Onagraceae
(?) INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Oenothera fruticosa ssp. glauca   FAMILY: Onagraceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera fruticosa 137-02-009?   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in tidal marshes

Rare

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon Common Name: Northern Sundrops, Appalachian Sundrops
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera tetragona +   FAMILY: Onagraceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Oenothera fruticosa +   FAMILY: Onagraceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera tetragona 137-02-010   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in dry (or moist, depending on variety) forests & woodlands, roadsides, or (depending on variety) dry sandy soils

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Threadleaf Sundrops, Flaxleaf Sundrops
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera linifolia   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oenothera linifolia   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera linifolia 137-02-011x   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia?

 


drawing of Oenothera argillicola, Shale-barren Evening Primrose, Shale Evening Primrose need picture of leaf or frond of Oenothera argillicola, Shale-barren Evening Primrose, Shale Evening Primrose need picture of flower of Oenothera argillicola, Shale-barren Evening Primrose, Shale Evening Primrose need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Oenothera argillicola, Shale-barren Evening Primrose, Shale Evening Primrose need picture of fruit of Oenothera argillicola, Shale-barren Evening Primrose, Shale Evening Primrose
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Common Name: Shale-barren Evening Primrose, Shale Evening Primrose
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera argillicola   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oenothera argillicola   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in shale barrens and woodlands

Uncommon

Native north of the Carolinas

 


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camera icon Common Name: Stemless Evening Primrose
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera triloba   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oenothera triloba   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in limestone glades (in GA), blackbelt prairies

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


drawing of Epilobium leptophyllum, Narrowleaf Willowherb, Bog Willowherb, American Marsh Willowherb need picture of leaf or frond of Epilobium leptophyllum, Narrowleaf Willowherb, Bog Willowherb, American Marsh Willowherb need picture of flower of Epilobium leptophyllum, Narrowleaf Willowherb, Bog Willowherb, American Marsh Willowherb need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Epilobium leptophyllum, Narrowleaf Willowherb, Bog Willowherb, American Marsh Willowherb need picture of fruit of Epilobium leptophyllum, Narrowleaf Willowherb, Bog Willowherb, American Marsh Willowherb
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Common Name: Narrowleaf Willowherb, Bog Willowherb, American Marsh Willowherb
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Epilobium leptophyllum   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Epilobium leptophyllum   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Epilobium leptophyllum 137-03-001   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in bogs, fens, seepages, and boggy meadows

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Great Willowherb, Fireweed
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Chamaenerion angustifolium ssp. circumvagum   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chamerion angustifolium ssp. circumvagum   FAMILY: Onagraceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Epilobium angustifolium 137-03-002   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it on grassy balds, roadsides, montane fields, burned areas, disturbed areas

Rare in NC

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Purpleleaf Willowherb, Bronze Willowherb, Eastern Willowherb
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Epilobium coloratum   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Epilobium coloratum   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Epilobium coloratum 137-03-003   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in seepages, moist open places

Common in NC Mtns, uncommon in SC Mtns & NC Pdmt, rare elsewhere

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum, Fringed Willowherb, American Willowherb need picture of leaf or frond of Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum, Fringed Willowherb, American Willowherb need picture of flower of Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum, Fringed Willowherb, American Willowherb need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum, Fringed Willowherb, American Willowherb need picture of fruit of Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum, Fringed Willowherb, American Willowherb
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Common Name: Fringed Willowherb, American Willowherb
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Epilobium ciliatum 137-03-004   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in bogs, seeps, disturbed wet places (such as moist edges of logging roads)

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon Common Name: Threadstalk Gaura, Slenderstalk Beeblossom
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera filipes   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gaura filipes   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gaura filipes 137-04-001   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in sandy fields, disturbed areas, and clearings

Common

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Biennial Gaura, Northeastern Gaura, Morning Honeysuckle, Biennial Beeblossom
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera gaura   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gaura biennis   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gaura biennis 137-04-004   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it on roadsides, woodlands, streambanks, fields, disturbed areas

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Southeastern Gaura, Southern Beeblossom
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Oenothera simulans   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gaura angustifolia   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gaura angustifolia 137-04-005   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in open woodlands, sandy fields, roadsides, primarily in the outer Coastal Plain

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Canada Enchanter's Nightshade
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Circaea canadensis   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis 137-05-001   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in mesic, nutrient-rich forests

Common in NC & in GA Mountains (uncommon to rare southward)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Alpine Enchanter's Nightshade, Smaller Enchanter's Nightshade
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Circaea alpina ssp. alpina   FAMILY: Onagraceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Circaea alpina ssp. alpina   FAMILY: Onagraceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Circaea alpina 137-05-002   FAMILY: Onagraceae

 

Look for it in moist organic soil at high elevations (esp in spruce-fir and northern hardwood forests), rocky or gravelly seepages, in spray behind waterfalls, at dripping cliff bases

Uncommon

Native to North Carolina

 


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