Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Your search found 34 taxa.

Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Wingstem Water-primrose, Wingleaf Primrose-willow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ludwigia decurrens
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia decurrens
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia decurrens 137-01-001

 

Look for it in swamp forests, ditches

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Water-willow, Primrose Willow, Anglestem Primrose-willow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ludwigia leptocarpa
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia leptocarpa
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia leptocarpa 137-01-003

 

Look for it on riverbanks, in marshes, & ditches

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont & Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Showy Water-primrose, Large-flower Water-primrose
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Ludwigia grandiflora
(?) SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia grandiflora ssp. grandiflora
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia uruguayensis 137-01-004?

 

Look for it in ponds, lakes, sluggish waters of ditches or streams

Uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare in Piedmont

Non-native

 


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camera icon Common Name: Common Water-primrose
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Ludwigia hexapetala
(?) SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia grandiflora ssp. hexapetala
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia uruguayensis 137-01-004?

 

Look for it in ponds, lakes, sluggish waters of ditches or streams

Uncommon in Coastal Plain of NC-SC, rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC

Non-native

 


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camera icon Common Name: Savanna Seedbox, Slender Seedbox
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ludwigia virgata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia virgata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia virgata 137-01-006

 

Look for it in wet savannas

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Harper's Seedbox, Seaside Seedbox
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Ludwigia maritima
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia maritima
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia maritima 137-01-007

 

Look for it in pine savannas, pine flatwoods, bogs

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Rafinesque's Seedbox
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ludwigia hirtella
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia hirtella
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia hirtella 137-01-008

 

Look for it in savannas, rarely in mountain bogs

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont & Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Alternate-leaf Seedbox, Bushy Seedbox
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ludwigia alternifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia alternifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia alternifolia 137-01-009

 

Look for it in ditches, marshes, open wet places, disturbed wet places

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Shrubby Seedbox
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ludwigia suffruticosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia suffruticosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia suffruticosa 137-01-014

 

Look for it in periodically to seasonally flooded portions of limesink ponds (dolines) and clay-based Carolina bays

Common (rare in NC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Pondshore Seedbox, piedmont primrose-willow, Needleleaf Ludwigia
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Ludwigia arcuata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia arcuata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia arcuata 137-01-019

 

Look for it in marshes or submerged in water of natural Coastal Plain ponds

Uncommon

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


drawing of Ludwigia brevipes, Long Beach Seedbox, Coastal Plain Water-purslane need picture of leaf or frond of Ludwigia brevipes, Long Beach Seedbox, Coastal Plain Water-purslane need picture of flower of Ludwigia brevipes, Long Beach Seedbox, Coastal Plain Water-purslane need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Ludwigia brevipes, Long Beach Seedbox, Coastal Plain Water-purslane need picture of fruit of Ludwigia brevipes, Long Beach Seedbox, Coastal Plain Water-purslane
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Common Name: Long Beach Seedbox, Coastal Plain Water-purslane
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ludwigia brevipes
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia brevipes
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia brevipes 137-01-020

 

Look for it on pondshores, blackwater rivers, interdunal swales, borrow ponds, ditches, impoundments, marshes

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Creeping Seedbox
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Ludwigia repens
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia repens
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia repens 137-01-021

 

Look for it in ditches, pools, and streams

Uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare in Piedmont

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Water-purslane, Marsh Purslane, Marsh Seedbox
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ludwigia palustris
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ludwigia palustris
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ludwigia palustris 137-01-023

 

Look for it moist to wet disturbed areas

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Evening Primrose
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera biennis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oenothera biennis
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera biennis 137-02-001

 

Look for it in fields, pastures, roadsides, disturbed areas

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Beach Evening Primrose, Drummond's Evening Primrose
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Oenothera drummondii
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Oenothera drummondii
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera drummondii 137-02-003

 

Look for it on sandy ocean beaches, disturbed areas

Rare, perhaps only introduced or adventive from the Gulf Coast

Native: Gulf state(s); occurrences in FL-SC-NC are also plausible as native

 


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camera icon Common Name: Dunes Evening Primrose, Seabeach Evening Primrose, Spreading Evening Primrose
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera humifusa
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oenothera humifusa
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera humifusa 137-02-004

 

Look for it on coastal sand dunes

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Cutleaf Evening Primrose
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera laciniata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oenothera laciniata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera laciniata var. laciniata 137-02-006a

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Showy Evening Primrose, White Evening Primrose, Pink-ladies, Pink Evening Primrose
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera speciosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oenothera speciosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera speciosa 137-02-007

 

Look for it on roadsides & in fields, also cultivated as an ornamental

Common (rare in Mountains)

Native: west of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Little Sundrops, Small Sundrops
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera perennis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oenothera perennis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera perennis 137-02-008

 

Look for it in bogs, sphagnous seeps, moist fields

Rare in NC-SC

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Sundrops, Narrowleaf Sundrops
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera fruticosa +
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Oenothera fruticosa ssp. fruticosa
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera fruticosa 137-02-009

 

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Riverbank Evening Primrose, Riverbank Sundrops
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera riparia
(?) INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Oenothera fruticosa ssp. glauca
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera fruticosa 137-02-009?

 

Look for it in tidal marshes

Rare

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon Common Name: Northern Sundrops, Appalachian Sundrops
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera tetragona +
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Oenothera fruticosa +
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera tetragona 137-02-010

 

Look for it in dry (or moist, depending on variety) forests & woodlands, roadsides, or (depending on variety) dry sandy soils

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Threadleaf Sundrops, Flaxleaf Sundrops
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera linifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oenothera linifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oenothera linifolia 137-02-011x

 

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia?

 


drawing of Oenothera argillicola, Shale-barren Evening Primrose, Shale Evening Primrose need picture of leaf or frond of Oenothera argillicola, Shale-barren Evening Primrose, Shale Evening Primrose need picture of flower of Oenothera argillicola, Shale-barren Evening Primrose, Shale Evening Primrose need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Oenothera argillicola, Shale-barren Evening Primrose, Shale Evening Primrose need picture of fruit of Oenothera argillicola, Shale-barren Evening Primrose, Shale Evening Primrose
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Common Name: Shale-barren Evening Primrose, Shale Evening Primrose
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera argillicola
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oenothera argillicola

 

Look for it in shale barrens and woodlands

Uncommon

Native north of the Carolinas

 


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camera icon Common Name: Stemless Evening Primrose
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera triloba
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oenothera triloba

 

Look for it in limestone glades (in GA), blackbelt prairies

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


drawing of Epilobium leptophyllum, Narrowleaf Willowherb, Bog Willowherb, American Marsh Willowherb need picture of leaf or frond of Epilobium leptophyllum, Narrowleaf Willowherb, Bog Willowherb, American Marsh Willowherb need picture of flower of Epilobium leptophyllum, Narrowleaf Willowherb, Bog Willowherb, American Marsh Willowherb need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Epilobium leptophyllum, Narrowleaf Willowherb, Bog Willowherb, American Marsh Willowherb need picture of fruit of Epilobium leptophyllum, Narrowleaf Willowherb, Bog Willowherb, American Marsh Willowherb
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Common Name: Narrowleaf Willowherb, Bog Willowherb, American Marsh Willowherb
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Epilobium leptophyllum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Epilobium leptophyllum
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Epilobium leptophyllum 137-03-001

 

Look for it in bogs, fens, seepages, and boggy meadows

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Great Willowherb, Fireweed
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Chamaenerion angustifolium ssp. circumvagum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chamerion angustifolium ssp. circumvagum
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Epilobium angustifolium 137-03-002

 

Look for it on grassy balds, roadsides, montane fields, burned areas, disturbed areas

Rare in NC

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Purpleleaf Willowherb, Bronze Willowherb, Eastern Willowherb
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Epilobium coloratum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Epilobium coloratum
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Epilobium coloratum 137-03-003

 

Look for it in seepages, moist open places

Common in NC Mtns, uncommon in SC Mtns & NC Pdmt, rare elsewhere

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum, Fringed Willowherb, American Willowherb need picture of leaf or frond of Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum, Fringed Willowherb, American Willowherb need picture of flower of Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum, Fringed Willowherb, American Willowherb need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum, Fringed Willowherb, American Willowherb need picture of fruit of Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum, Fringed Willowherb, American Willowherb
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Common Name: Fringed Willowherb, American Willowherb
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Epilobium ciliatum 137-03-004

 

Look for it in bogs, seeps, disturbed wet places (such as moist edges of logging roads)

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon Common Name: Threadstalk Gaura, Slenderstalk Beeblossom
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera filipes
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gaura filipes
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gaura filipes 137-04-001

 

Look for it in sandy fields, disturbed areas, and clearings

Common

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Biennial Gaura, Northeastern Gaura, Morning Honeysuckle, Biennial Beeblossom
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oenothera gaura
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gaura biennis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gaura biennis 137-04-004

 

Look for it on roadsides, woodlands, streambanks, fields, disturbed areas

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Southeastern Gaura, Southern Beeblossom
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Oenothera simulans
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gaura angustifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gaura angustifolia 137-04-005

 

Look for it in open woodlands, sandy fields, roadsides, primarily in the outer Coastal Plain

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Canada Enchanter's Nightshade
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Circaea canadensis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis 137-05-001

 

Look for it in mesic, nutrient-rich forests

Common in NC & in GA Mountains (uncommon to rare southward)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Alpine Enchanter's Nightshade, Smaller Enchanter's Nightshade
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Circaea alpina ssp. alpina
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Circaea alpina ssp. alpina
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Circaea alpina 137-05-002

 

Look for it in moist organic soil at high elevations (esp in spruce-fir and northern hardwood forests), rocky or gravelly seepages, in spray behind waterfalls, at dripping cliff bases

Uncommon

Native to North Carolina

 


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"Leaves vary greatly in shape... even on the same tree.... Never be satisfied with the first leaf within reach." — George W.D. Symonds, The Tree Identification Book