Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


980

Forb
Biennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in fields, pastures, roadsides, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Yellow
4-lobed calyx
4 petals
8 exserted stamens
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Myrtales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Oenothera biennis   FAMILY Onagraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Oenothera biennis   FAMILY Onagraceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 137-02-001:
Oenothera biennis   FAMILY Onagraceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Evening Primrose


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Oenothera biennis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_oebi_001_lvd

        

image of Oenothera biennis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_oebi_011_lvd

        

image of Oenothera biennis

JK Marlow    jkm150415_317

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Oenothera biennis

Jerry Bright    jeb_mg_0521

July    Haywood County?    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

Four broad yellow petals with notched tips. Yellow anthers extended, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Oenothera biennis

JK Marlow    jkm150714_493

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Oenothera biennis

JK Marlow    jkm150714_495

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Oenothera biennis

JK Marlow    jkm0508d_34

August    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Its erect stem may be 6' tall and is seldom branched except near the top, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Oenothera biennis

JK Marlow    jkm130823_509

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Oenothera biennis

JK Marlow    jkm130823_514

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Lvs lanceolate to oblong, spiraling, ascending or spreading around stem, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Oenothera biennis

JK Marlow    jkm150813_004b

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Oenothera biennis

JK Marlow    jkm180813_3732

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Oenothera biennis

JK Marlow    jkm180813_3735

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Oenothera biennis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_oenothera_biennis

August        

image of Oenothera biennis

Tim Spira    tpsobiennis2

September        

Flowers open at twilight, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Oenothera biennis

JK Marlow    jkm141009_115

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Hypanthium present, prolonged above the inferior ovary as a calyx tube, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Oenothera biennis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_oenothera_biennis_2

October        

Sepals reflexed, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Oenothera biennis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_oenothera_biennis_4

October        

image of Oenothera biennis

JK Marlow    jkm111106_219

November    Haywood County    NC

Fruit a 4-chambered capsule, splitting from top to base, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Oenothera biennis

JK Marlow    jkm111106_222

November    Haywood County    NC

Cylindric capsule, 1.5-4cm long x 4-5mm wide, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.