Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 21 taxa in the family Salicaceae, Willow family, as understood by PLANTS National Database.

            Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on one takes you to more information and/or pictures.

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drawing of Salix purpurea, Basket Willow, Purple Willow, Purple-osier Willow need picture of leaf or frond of Salix purpurea, Basket Willow, Purple Willow, Purple-osier Willow need picture of flower of Salix purpurea, Basket Willow, Purple Willow, Purple-osier Willow need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Salix purpurea, Basket Willow, Purple Willow, Purple-osier Willow need picture of fruit of Salix purpurea, Basket Willow, Purple Willow, Purple-osier Willow
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Common Name: Basket Willow, Purple Willow, Purple-osier Willow
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Salix purpurea   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Salix purpurea   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Salix purpurea 051-01-001   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in floodplain forests, streambanks, wet disturbed areas

Rare

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Weeping Willow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Salix babylonica   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Salix babylonica   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Salix babylonica 051-01-002   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Uncommon

Non-native: Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Prairie Willow, Upland Willow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Salix humilis   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Salix humilis var. humilis   FAMILY: Salicaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Salix humilis 051-01-003   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in upland areas, often in open or semi-open sites, in barrens, fens, and grassy balds over mafic rocks (such as amphibolite) up to at least 1800m elevation, also in powerline rights-of-way, woodland borders, and other miscellaneous habitats

Uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Salix occidentalis, Dwarf Upland Willow, Sage Willow need picture of leaf or frond of Salix occidentalis, Dwarf Upland Willow, Sage Willow need picture of flower of Salix occidentalis, Dwarf Upland Willow, Sage Willow need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Salix occidentalis, Dwarf Upland Willow, Sage Willow need picture of fruit of Salix occidentalis, Dwarf Upland Willow, Sage Willow
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Common Name: Dwarf Upland Willow, Sage Willow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Salix occidentalis   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Salix humilis var. tristis   FAMILY: Salicaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Salix humilis 051-01-003?   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Uncommon (rare in Coastal Plain) (rare in GA)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: European White Willow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Salix alba   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Salix alba   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Salix alba 051-01-004   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Rare

Non-native: Eurasia

 


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speaker icon Common Name: European Gray Willow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Salix cinerea   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Salix cinerea   FAMILY: Salicaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Salix cinerea 051-01-005   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Rare

Non-native: Eurasia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Silky Willow, Shrub Willow, Satin Willow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Salix sericea   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Salix sericea   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Salix sericea 051-01-006   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in bogs, peaty swamps, banks of small streams

Common in NC-SC Mountains (uncommon in Piedmont & in GA, rare in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Black Willow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Salix nigra   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Salix nigra   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Salix nigra 051-01-007   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it on riverbanks, sandbars, other moist areas

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Carolina Willow, Coastal Plain Willow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Salix caroliniana   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Salix caroliniana   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Salix caroliniana 051-01-008   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in riverbanks, sandbars, other wet sites

Common in Coastal Plain (uncommon to rare elsewhere)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Salix discolor, Pussy Willow need picture of leaf or frond of Salix discolor, Pussy Willow need picture of flower of Salix discolor, Pussy Willow need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Salix discolor, Pussy Willow need picture of fruit of Salix discolor, Pussy Willow
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speaker icon Common Name: Pussy Willow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Salix discolor   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Salix discolor   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in calcareous wetlands, disturbed areas

Rare

Native: north of the Carolinas

 


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camera icon Common Name: Goat Willow, Great Sallow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Salix caprea   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Salix caprea   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Rare

Non-native: Eurasia

 


drawing of Salix fragilis, Crack Willow, Brittle Willow need picture of leaf or frond of Salix fragilis, Crack Willow, Brittle Willow need picture of flower of Salix fragilis, Crack Willow, Brittle Willow need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Salix fragilis, Crack Willow, Brittle Willow need picture of fruit of Salix fragilis, Crack Willow, Brittle Willow
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Common Name: Crack Willow, Brittle Willow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Salix fragilis   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Salix fragilis   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in low areas

Non-native: Asia Minor

 


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speaker icon Common Name: Corkscrew Willow
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Salix matsudana   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Salix matsudana   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Non-native: east Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bigtooth Aspen, Large-toothed Aspen
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Populus grandidentata   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Populus grandidentata   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Populus grandidentata 051-02-001   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in dry, rocky, upland forests

Common (rare south of VA)

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Eastern Cottonwood
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides   FAMILY: Salicaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Populus deltoides 051-02-002   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it on riverbanks, in bottomland forests (not found along blackwater streams), river bars, rarely weedy in upland situations

Common (uncommon to rare in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: White Poplar, Silver Poplar
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Populus alba   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Populus alba   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Populus alba 051-02-003   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas, suburban woodlands

Common (uncommon in GA, uncommon in SC Coastal Plain)

Non-native: Europe

 


drawing of Populus ×jackii, Balm-of-Gilead need picture of leaf or frond of Populus ×jackii, Balm-of-Gilead need picture of flower of Populus ×jackii, Balm-of-Gilead need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Populus ×jackii, Balm-of-Gilead need picture of fruit of Populus ×jackii, Balm-of-Gilead
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Common Name: Balm-of-Gilead
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Populus ×jackii   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Populus ×jackii [balsamifera × deltoides]   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Populus candicans 051-02-004   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in bottomlands, riverbanks, streambanks

Rare or locally abundant, spread from cultivation

Cultivar of uncertain origin

 


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Common Name: Balsam Poplar, Hackmatack, Tacamahac
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Populus balsamifera   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Populus balsamifera ssp. balsamifera   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in floodplains, disturbed areas

Rare

Native: north of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Populus heterophylla, Swamp Cottonwood need picture of leaf or frond of Populus heterophylla, Swamp Cottonwood need picture of flower of Populus heterophylla, Swamp Cottonwood need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Populus heterophylla, Swamp Cottonwood need picture of fruit of Populus heterophylla, Swamp Cottonwood
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Common Name: Swamp Cottonwood
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Populus heterophylla   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Populus heterophylla   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Populus heterophylla 051-02-005   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in blackwater and brownwater swamp forests

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont) (rare in GA)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Populus tremuloides, Quaking Aspen need picture of leaf or frond of Populus tremuloides, Quaking Aspen need picture of flower of Populus tremuloides, Quaking Aspen need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Populus tremuloides, Quaking Aspen need picture of fruit of Populus tremuloides, Quaking Aspen
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speaker icon Common Name: Quaking Aspen
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Populus tremuloides   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Populus tremuloides   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in heath balds, rocky woodlands, exposed rock outcrops, clearings, floodplains

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


drawing of Populus nigra, European Black Poplar, Lombardy Poplar, Black Poplar need picture of leaf or frond of Populus nigra, European Black Poplar, Lombardy Poplar, Black Poplar need picture of flower of Populus nigra, European Black Poplar, Lombardy Poplar, Black Poplar need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Populus nigra, European Black Poplar, Lombardy Poplar, Black Poplar need picture of fruit of Populus nigra, European Black Poplar, Lombardy Poplar, Black Poplar
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speaker icon Common Name: European Black Poplar, Lombardy Poplar, Black Poplar
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Populus nigra   FAMILY: Salicaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Populus nigra   FAMILY: Salicaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed suburban areas

Rare

Non-native: southern Europe

 


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"Nature is the art of God." — Dante