Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1564

Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Mountains)

Look for it on rock outcrops, dry and mesic forests and woodlands, bottomlands, old fields, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Greenish
Bisexual
4-8 lobed calyx
Petals absent
Superior ovary
Flowers in pendulous racemes

FRUIT:
Spring
Samara

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Ulmus alata   FAMILY Ulmaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Ulmus alata   FAMILY Ulmaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 056-01-003:
Ulmus alata   FAMILY Ulmaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Winged Elm


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Ulmus alata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_ulal_001_lvd

        

image of Ulmus alata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / US Forest Service    pnd_ulal_002_lvd

        

image of Ulmus alata

JK Marlow    jkm120212_041b

February    Spartanburg County    SC

Flowers, in pendulous racemes, appear before leaf emergence in Feb-March, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Ulmus alata

JK Marlow    jkm120212_043

February    Spartanburg County    SC

Bark gray to light brown, with narrow scaly ridges, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Ulmus alata

JK Marlow    jkm070414_014

April    Calhoun County    SC

Congaree Bluffs Heritage Preserve

Second year & older twigs usually form corky ridges on two sides, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Ulmus alata

JK Marlow    jkm070414_016

April    Calhoun County    SC

Congaree Bluffs Heritage Preserve

Petioles usually 1-2mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Ulmus alata

JK Marlow    jkm070505_014

May    Mecklenburg County    NC

Charlotte Mecklenburg McDowell Piedmont Prairie Restoration

Bark with narrow shallow fissures, creating irregular scaly ridges, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Ulmus alata

JK Marlow    jkm070505_015

May    Mecklenburg County    NC

Charlotte Mecklenburg McDowell Piedmont Prairie Restoration

image of Ulmus alata

JK Marlow    jkm140625_335

June    Greenville County    SC

Cleveland Park

Branches usually w corky growth ("winged"), but some trees lack such cork, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Ulmus alata

JK Marlow    jkm140625_336

June    Greenville County    SC

Cleveland Park

image of Ulmus alata

JK Marlow    jkm140625_336b

June    Greenville County    SC

Cleveland Park

Leaves 3-8cm long, sharply double-toothed, tip acute, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Ulmus alata

JK Marlow    jkm140625_337

June    Greenville County    SC

Cleveland Park

image of Ulmus alata

JK Marlow    jkm180924_4895

September    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

image of Ulmus alata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_u_alata_twigwinged_wa

November        

image of Ulmus alata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_u_alata_wingedelmleaf

November        

image of Ulmus alata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_u_alata_wingedelmtwig

November        

Buds sharply pointed, 3-5mm long, scales brown, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.