Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas and Georgia

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"In Euphorbia, the small structure that appears to be a single flower — technically known as a cyathium — is a lobed, cup-shaped involucre with glands at the bases of the segments, containing one or more staminate flowers (each consisting of a single stamen only) surrounding a solitary pistillate flower (a stalked ovary topped by 3 styles).

"In some species the involucre also bears appendages that simulate petals. (The well-known Poinsettia is a Euphorbia in which brightly colored leaves beneath the inflorescence give the impression of a large-petaled flower.)" — Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains, by Richard M. Smith