contains the seed (which holds the matured ovule), and any
coverings derived from the ovary wall or other flower parts.
may be single per fruit (then often called "pits" or "stones"),
of the fruit may be pulpy, soft and juicy, or hardened or leathery.
are appendages which may surround the seed, as in bittersweet, or
resemble an ovary in some gymnosperms like yew and ginkgo.
fruits come from one pistil in one flower.
Compound fruits come from more
than one pistil in one flower or from close clusters
of flowers in an inflorescence.
are compound fruits from one flower which had many pistils, as
in maple, magnolia, rose, blackberry.
are compound fruits from inflorescences, usually from closely
clustered heads or spikes of flowers, crowding and growing together
as one mass with maturity (as in mulberry, osage-orange, sweetgum,
usually 1-seeded; endocarp stony; matured ovary wall fleshy (as
in cherry, blackgum)
from one ovary, with several immersed seed (as in blueberry, pawpaw)
from one ovary with fused carpels, the "skin" derived
from a hypanthium which covered ovary (as in apple, servicebeny)
in roses, an aggregate of achenes, surrounded by a fleshy-walled
from a simple pistil; a small, hard fruit with a thin pericarp or
seed coat; as in sycamore, rose, sweetshrub "seeds"
a winged achene-like fruit, as in maple, ash
a hard, generally 1-seeded fruit partially or wholly enclosed in
a husk (involucre), as in hickory, chestnut, oak
a one-chambered fruit from a simple pistil; splits down two sutures;
in Fabaceae (legume) family
a one-chambered fruit from a simple pistil; splits down one side,
as in magnolia, yellowroot
usually several-chambered fruit; from a compound pistil; splits
along 2 or more sutures, as in rhododendron, buckeye
a conelike fruit derived from a spike or catkin-like inflorescence;
composed of nutlets growing between protective layers of bracts;
in birches and alders
the fruit of gymnosperms such as pine, spruce; the seeds are matured
ovules held between bracts, not in ovaries