Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1008

Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in mesic to xeric deciduous forests, esp dry-mesic to xeric oak-hickory & oak-pine forests, also in sandhill/pocosin ecotones, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Summer
White
Bisexual
5-lobed calyx
5-lobed urceolate corolla
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Ericales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Oxydendrum arboreum   FAMILY Ericaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Oxydendrum arboreum   FAMILY Ericaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 145-13-001:
Oxydendrum arboreum   FAMILY Ericaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Sourwood, Sorrel-tree


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_oxar_001_lvd

        

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

JK Marlow    jkm090125_012b

January    Greenville County    SC

Paris Mountain State Park

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

JK Marlow    jkm140417_033

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Bark lustrous gray to brown, deeply furrowed, often with a tinge of red, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

JK Marlow    s040514_a

May    Polk County    NC

Roadside

The finely serrate, elliptic leaves are distinctive, with a sour taste, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

JK Marlow    jkm0406k_24

June    Pickens County    SC

Roadside

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

JK Marlow    jkm0406l_04

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

Ron Lance    rwl_oxy_arboreum

June    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmoarboreum_brp2

June-July?        NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

JK Marlow    jkm0407b_25

July    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

JK Marlow    jkm0407za_09

July    Pickens County    SC

Roadside

Narrowly ovoid fruits stand erect on curved pedicels, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

JK Marlow    jkm060712_006

July    Raleigh County    WV

Grandview State Park

Prized Sourwood honey is derived from these small urn-shaped flowers, per Wild Flowers of NC, 1st edition.

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

JK Marlow    jkm0408a_29

August    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

JK Marlow    jkm180812_3720

August    Greenville County    SC

Young twigs eventually with relatively conspicuous lenticels, per Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of Northern Florida and Adjacent Georgia and Alabama by Robert Godfrey.

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

JK Marlow    jkm180824_4120

August    Greenville County    SC

Margins entire or finely and irregularly doubly serrate, per Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of Northern Florida and Adjacent Georgia and Alabama by Robert Godfrey.

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_oxydendrum_arboreum_2

August        

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_oxydendrum_arboreum_4

September        

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

JK Marlow    jkm061021_016

October    Greenville County    SC

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

JK Marlow    jkm0311e_16

November    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Oxydendrum arboreum

JK Marlow    s021110_c

November    Greenville County    SC

The elliptic, finely serrate leaves often start to turn red in late August, per Fall Color & Woodland Harvests.