Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1026

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Piedmont, rare in Mountains)

Look for it in dry or wet sandy soils of pinelands, fresh & brackish marshes, shores, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade Aquatic ...Wet ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked (plants lacking a rosette of overwintering basal leaves)

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Inflorescence a panicle

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Grain grayish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Panicum virgatum var. virgatum   FAMILY Poaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Panicum virgatum var. virgatum   FAMILY Poaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-81-006:
Panicum virgatum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Panicum virgatum var. virgatum

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Panicum virgatum var. virgatum

 

COMMON NAME:
Switchgrass , Prairie Switchgrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Panicum virgatum var. virgatum

JK Marlow    jkm070310_009

March    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Panicum virgatum var. virgatum

JK Marlow    jkm060429_150

April    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

image of Panicum virgatum var. virgatum

JK Marlow    jkm0505q_10

May    Williamsburg County    SC

Leaves 20-60cm long and 8-15mm wide, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Panicum virgatum var. virgatum

JK Marlow    jkm0509b_32

September    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Panicum virgatum var. virgatum

JK Marlow    s050904_b

September    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

The inflorescence is open and freely banched, spreading, pyramidal, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Panicum virgatum var. virgatum

JK Marlow    s050904_b2

September        

image of Panicum virgatum var. virgatum

JK Marlow    s050904_c

September    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Panicum virgatum var. virgatum

JK Marlow    jkm071027_017

October    Abbeville County    SC

Roadside

Culms erect, tough and hard, 1-2 (rarely 3) meters tall, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Panicum virgatum var. virgatum

JK Marlow    jkm071027_024

October    Abbeville County    SC

Roadside

image of Panicum virgatum var. virgatum

JK Marlow    jkm081102_120

November    McCormick County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District

Panicle large and open, 15-50 cm long, per How to Know the Grasses by R.W. Pohl.

image of Panicum virgatum var. virgatum

JK Marlow    jkm081102_127

November    McCormick County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District

Ligule ciliate or lacerate [torn, irregularly cleft or cut], 1-5mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Panicum virgatum var. virgatum

JK Marlow    jkm081110_006

November    Buncombe County    NC

NC Arboretum

'Prairie Sky'