Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1027

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in SC)

Look for it in bogs, sphagnous seeps, brookbanks, generally in more acidic habitats than P. grandifolia, up to elevations over 1800m, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Wet

LEAVES:
Simple
Mostly basal

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens & 5 staminodia
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Celastrales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Parnassia asarifolia   FAMILY Parnassiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Parnassia asarifolia   FAMILY Saxifragaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 094-06-001:
Parnassia asarifolia   FAMILY Saxifragaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Parnassia asarifolia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_paas2_001_lvd

        

image of Parnassia asarifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0308w_10

August    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Petals grayish-veined; the 5 stamens separated by shorter sterile stamens, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Parnassia asarifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0308x_06

August    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Kidney-shaped leaves 1-2" long and somewhat wider, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Grass-of-Parnassus species

image of Parnassia asarifolia

JK Marlow    jkm080924_009

September    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Parnassia asarifolia

JK Marlow    jkm080924_017b

September    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

3 sterile stamens joined at the base comprise each of the 5 staminodia, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Parnassia asarifolia

JK Marlow    jkm090913_099

September    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Note that stamens elongate after staminodia; check lengths in several flowers, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Parnassia asarifolia

JK Marlow    jkm090913_103

September    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Fruit is a 4-parted capsule with numerous seeds, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Parnassia asarifolia

JK Marlow    jkm090913_124

September    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Parnassia asarifolia

Tim Spira    tpspasarifolia2

September        

image of Parnassia asarifolia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_asarifolia_1

October    Union County    GA

Chattahoochee National Forest

image of Parnassia asarifolia

Steve Marlow    snm110412_052

November    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

The sterile stamens (staminodes) glisten like nectar droplets but are dry, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Parnassia asarifolia

L.L. (Chick) Gaddy    llg_7962

Month Unknown        

One of the noteworthy seepage species of high elevations, per Alpine South: Plants and Plant Communities of the High Elevations of the Southern Appalachians.