OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Celastrales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Parnassia asarifolia   FAMILY Parnassiaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Parnassia asarifolia   FAMILY Saxifragaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Parnassia asarifolia

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 094-06-001:
Parnassia asarifolia   FAMILY Saxifragaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Parnassia asarifolia

 

COMMON NAME:
Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia, Appalachian Parnassia


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Parnassia asarifolia, Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia, Appalachian Parnassia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_paas2_001_lvd

        

image of Parnassia asarifolia, Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia, Appalachian Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm200522_5144

May    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Parnassia asarifolia, Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia, Appalachian Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm0308w_10

August    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Petals grayish-veined; the 5 stamens separated by shorter sterile stamens, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Parnassia asarifolia, Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia, Appalachian Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm0308x_06

August    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Kidney-shaped leaves 1-2" long and somewhat wider, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Grass-of-Parnassus species

image of Parnassia asarifolia, Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia, Appalachian Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm080924_009

September    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Parnassia asarifolia, Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia, Appalachian Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm080924_017b

September    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

3 sterile stamens joined at the base comprise each of the 5 staminodia, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Parnassia asarifolia, Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia, Appalachian Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm090913_099

September    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Note that stamens elongate after staminodia; check lengths in several flowers, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Parnassia asarifolia, Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia, Appalachian Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm090913_103

September    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Fruit is a 4-parted capsule with numerous seeds, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Parnassia asarifolia, Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia, Appalachian Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm090913_124

September    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Parnassia asarifolia, Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia, Appalachian Parnassia

L.L. (Chick) Gaddy    llg_7962

September?        

One of the noteworthy seepage species of high elevations, per Alpine South: Plants and Plant Communities of the High Elevations of the Southern Appalachians.

image of Parnassia asarifolia, Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia, Appalachian Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm211022_4460

October    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Parnassia asarifolia, Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia, Appalachian Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm211022_4466

October    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Parnassia asarifolia, Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia, Appalachian Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm211022_4468

October    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Parnassia asarifolia, Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia, Appalachian Parnassia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_asarifolia_1

October    Union County    GA

Chattahoochee National Forest

image of Parnassia asarifolia, Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia, Appalachian Parnassia

Steve Marlow    snm110412_052

November    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

The sterile stamens (staminodes) glisten like nectar droplets but are dry, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Parnassia asarifolia   FAMILY Parnassiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Parnassia asarifolia   FAMILY Saxifragaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Parnassia asarifolia

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 094-06-001:
Parnassia asarifolia   FAMILY Saxifragaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Parnassia asarifolia

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

1027

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Uncommon in GA & NC Mountains, rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC

Habitat: bogs, sphagnous seeps, brookbanks, generally in more acidic habitats than P. grandifolia, up to elevations over 1800 m, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
Mostly basal

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens & 5 staminodia
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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