Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 20 taxa in the family Saxifragaceae, Saxifrage family, as understood by PLANTS National Database.

            Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on one takes you to more information and/or pictures.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Kidneyleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Parnassia asarifolia   FAMILY: Parnassiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Parnassia asarifolia   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Parnassia asarifolia 094-06-001   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in bogs, sphagnous seeps, brookbanks, generally in more acidic habitats than P. grandifolia, up to elevations over 1800m

Uncommon (rare in SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Carolina Grass-of-Parnassus, Savanna Parnassia, Eyebright
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Parnassia caroliniana   FAMILY: Parnassiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Parnassia caroliniana   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Parnassia caroliniana 094-06-002   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in wet longleaf pine, pond pine, or pond cypress savannas (esp but not strictly where shallowly underlain by coquina limestone), sandhill seepage bogs

Rare

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Parnassia grandifolia   FAMILY: Parnassiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Parnassia grandifolia   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Parnassia grandifolia 094-06-003   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in fens, gravelly seepages, pineland seepage bogs and ecotones, primarily or solely over calcareous, mafic, or ultramafic rocks, in the outer Coastal Plain in seepage over marl on nearly vertical river bluffs on the Cape Fear River (NC) and in pineland seepage bogs

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Appalachian False Goatsbeard
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Astilbe biternata   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Astilbe biternata   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Astilbe biternata 094-07-001   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in cove forests, on seepage slopes

Common in Carolina Mtns, uncommon in GA Mtns, rare elsewhere (an endemic)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Golden-saxifrage, Water-carpet, Water-mat
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Chrysosplenium americanum   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chrysosplenium americanum   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Chrysosplenium americanum 094-08-001   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in shallow seepage in shade

Uncommon in NC-SC, rare in GA

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Two-leaved Miterwort, Bishop's Cap
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Mitella diphylla   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Mitella diphylla   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Mitella diphylla 094-10-001   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in moist rich forests, esp in the Mountains, and esp rocky

Common in NC, rare in GA-SC

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Mapleleaf Alumroot, Hairy Alumroot, Rock Alumroot, Crag-jangle
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Heuchera villosa   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Heuchera villosa var. villosa   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Heuchera villosa 094-11-001   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in crevices of rock outcrops, or in thin soil over boulders, a characteristic component of the flora of high elevation cliffs and summits (to at least 1920 m), not particular about the rock type, occurring on a wide range of rock types in our area, including felsic gneisses and schists, mafic gneisses, granites, quartzites, and others, probably the most acidophilic of our taxa of Heuchera

Common (rare in GA-SC Piedmont), primarily endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Littleflower Alumroot, Cave Alumroot, Cumberland Grotto Alumroot, Small-flower Alumroot
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Heuchera parviflora var. parviflora   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Heuchera parviflora var. parviflora   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Heuchera parviflora 094-11-002   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in shaded cliff bases, usually under overhangs, on grotto floors, behind waterfalls where humidity is high but not in the spray zone, in rockhouses of the Cumberland Plateau, nearly always in deeply shaded situations where little or no direct sunlight falls

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Alumroot
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Heuchera americana   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Heuchera americana var. americana   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Heuchera americana 094-11-003   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in rocky forests, rock outcrops, particularly where soils are subacidic to circumneutral

Common (uncommon to rare in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Carolina Alumroot
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Heuchera caroliniana   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Heuchera caroliniana   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Heuchera americana 094-11-003?   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in rocky forests, rock outcrops, particularly where soils are subacidic to circumneutral, replacing H. americana in much of the upper Piedmont

Uncommon (endemic to Piedmont of sc VA, NC, & sc SC)

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon Common Name: Marbled Alumroot, Downy Alumroot
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Heuchera pubescens   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Heuchera pubescens   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
(?) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Heuchera pubescens 094-11-004?   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in rocky forests, rock outcrops, particularly where soils are subacidic or circumneutral

Rare (an endemic)

Native to North & possibly South Carolina

 


drawing of Heuchera aceroides, longflower alumroot, Mapleleaf Alumroot need picture of leaf or frond of Heuchera aceroides, longflower alumroot, Mapleleaf Alumroot need picture of flower of Heuchera aceroides, longflower alumroot, Mapleleaf Alumroot need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Heuchera aceroides, longflower alumroot, Mapleleaf Alumroot need picture of fruit of Heuchera aceroides, longflower alumroot, Mapleleaf Alumroot
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Common Name: longflower alumroot, Mapleleaf Alumroot
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Heuchera aceroides   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Heuchera longiflora   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
(?) SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Heuchera longiflora var. aceroides 094-11-005?   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it on shaded calcareous or basic cliffs

Rare (an endemic)

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Heartleaf Foamflower
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Tiarella cordifolia   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Tiarella cordifolia   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
INCLUDING Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Tiarella cordifolia var. cordifolia 094-12-001a   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests, cove forests, rock outcrops, well-drained bottomland forests

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Brook-saxifrage, Eastern Boykinia, Allegheny Brookfoam, Aconite-saxifrage
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Boykinia aconitifolia   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Boykinia aconitifolia   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Boykinia aconitifolia 094-13-001   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it on streambanks, riverbanks, in crevices in spray cliffs around waterfalls, seepages

Uncommon in NC Mountains, rare elsewhere (endemic to the Southern Appalachians)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Michaux's Saxifrage, Cliff Saxifrage
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Micranthes petiolaris var. petiolaris   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Saxifraga michauxii   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Saxifraga michauxii 094-14-001   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in crevices in exposed rock outcrops at high elevations, other rock outcrops (moist to rather dry), periglacial boulderfields, rocky seeps

Common, endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Escarpment Saxifrage, Shealy's Saxifrage
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Micranthes petiolaris var. shealyi   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
(?) INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Saxifraga michauxii   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
(?) INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Saxifraga michauxii 094-14-001?   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in moist seepage over rock, at low elevations (2000-3000 feet)

Rare, endemic to SC's Pickens County, so far as is known

Native to South & possibly North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Early Saxifrage
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Micranthes virginiensis   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Saxifraga virginiensis var. virginiensis   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Saxifraga virginiensis 094-14-003   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it on rock outcrops, moist alluvial & slope forests, streambanks, riverbanks

Common (rare in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Brook Lettuce, Mountain Lettuce, Branch Lettuce, Lettuceleaf Saxifrage
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Micranthes micranthidifolia   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Saxifraga micranthidifolia   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Saxifraga micranthidifolia 094-14-004   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it in wet soils of seepages, in the beds of high elevation brooks, brookbanks, rocky seepages

Common, endemic to the Central & Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Carey's Saxifrage
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Micranthes careyana   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Saxifraga careyana   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Saxifraga careyana 094-14-005   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it on moist rock outcrops & cliffs, often under overhangs, often in moist soil at the base of a vertical or overhanging rock outcrop

Rare, endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


drawing of Micranthes caroliniana, Carolina Saxifrage need picture of leaf or frond of Micranthes caroliniana, Carolina Saxifrage need picture of flower of Micranthes caroliniana, Carolina Saxifrage need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Micranthes caroliniana, Carolina Saxifrage need picture of fruit of Micranthes caroliniana, Carolina Saxifrage
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Common Name: Carolina Saxifrage
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Micranthes caroliniana   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Saxifraga caroliniana   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Saxifraga caroliniana 094-14-006   FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

 

Look for it on moist soil outcrops & cliffs, often under overhangs, often in moist soil at the base of a vertical or overhanging rock outcrop

Rare, endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Native to North Carolina

 


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"We have nothing to fear and a great deal to learn from trees, that vigorous and pacific tribe which without stint produces strengthening essences for us, soothing balms, and in whose gracious company we spend so many cool, silent and intimate hours." — Marcel Proust