Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1028

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rare

Look for it in fens, gravelly seepages, pineland seepage bogs and ecotones, primarily or solely over calcareous, mafic, or ultramafic rocks, in the outer Coastal Plain in seepage over marl on nearly vertical river bluffs on the Cape Fear River (NC) and in pineland seepage bogs, per Weakley's Flora

map
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...Wet

LEAVES:
Simple
Mostly basal

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens & 5 staminodia
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Celastrales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Parnassia grandifolia   FAMILY Parnassiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Parnassia grandifolia   FAMILY Saxifragaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 094-06-003:
Parnassia grandifolia   FAMILY Saxifragaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Parnassia grandifolia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_pagr_001_lvd

        

image of Parnassia grandifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0308u_01

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

A single sessile leaf, similar to the basal leaves, midway on flower stalk, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Parnassia grandifolia

Alan Cressler    alc_7932908126_8fcb5f0f03

September    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Midway between petal base and apex, 5-9 main parallel veins; ovary green, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Parnassia grandifolia

JK Marlow    jkm150912_093

September    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Main veins often strongly dilated toward the apex of the petal, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Parnassia grandifolia

JK Marlow    jkm150912_095

September    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Leaves not forming large clonal patches; leaf blades ovate, longer than wide, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Parnassia grandifolia

JK Marlow    jkm150912_097

September    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Outer- or basal-most main vein with numerous short laterals on outer side, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Parnassia grandifolia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_grandifolia_2

September        

image of Parnassia grandifolia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_grandifoliabig

September        

image of Parnassia grandifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0310h_14

October    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Parnassia grandifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0310h_17

October    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Parnassia grandifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0310h_19

October    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Ovary green, sometimes white toward the base, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Parnassia grandifolia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_parnassiagrandifolia

October        

5 stamens w reddish anthers separated by longer, pointed, sterile stamens, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Parnassia grandifolia

Dan Whitten    sdw_10082011_392

October    Greenville County    SC

Chandler Heritage Preserve

image of Parnassia grandifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0411a_13

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Fruit a capsule with 4 valves. Empty capsules may persist until Spring, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Parnassia grandifolia

L.L. (Chick) Gaddy    llg_7824

Month Unknown    Ashe County    NC

This and other rare fen species can be found on Bluff Mtn in Ashe County, NC, per Alpine South: Plants and Plant Communities of the High Elevations of the Southern Appalachians.