OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Celastrales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Parnassia grandifolia   FAMILY Parnassiaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Parnassia grandifolia   FAMILY Saxifragaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Parnassia grandifolia

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 094-06-003:
Parnassia grandifolia   FAMILY Saxifragaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Parnassia grandifolia

 

COMMON NAME:
Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_pagr_001_lvd

        

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm220315_6085

March    Greenville County    SC

Bald Rock Heritage Preserve

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm220412_6764

April    Greenville County    SC

Bald Rock Heritage Preserve

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm0308u_01

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

A single sessile leaf, similar to the basal leaves, midway on flower stalk, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

Alan Cressler    alc_7932908126_8fcb5f0f03

September    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Midway between petal base and apex, 5-9 main parallel veins; ovary green, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm150912_093

September    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Main veins often strongly dilated toward the apex of the petal, per Weakley's Flora (2015).

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm150912_095

September    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Leaves not forming large clonal patches; leaf blades ovate, longer than wide, per Weakley's Flora (2015).

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm150912_097

September    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Outer- or basal-most main vein with numerous short laterals on outer side, per Weakley's Flora (2015).

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_grandifolia_2

September        

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_grandifoliabig

September        

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm0310h_14

October    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm0310h_19

October    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm221004_0150

October    Greenville County    SC

Bald Rock Heritage Preserve

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm221004_0154

October    Greenville County    SC

Bald Rock Heritage Preserve

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm221004_0155

October    Greenville County    SC

Bald Rock Heritage Preserve

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_parnassiagrandifolia

October        

5 stamens w reddish anthers separated by longer, pointed, sterile stamens, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

Dan Whitten    sdw_10082011_392

October    Greenville County    SC

Chandler Heritage Preserve

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

Gill Newberry    gn0472

November    Greenville County    SC

Bald Rock Heritage Preserve

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

Gill Newberry    gn0476

November    Greenville County    SC

Bald Rock Heritage Preserve

Ovary green, sometimes white toward the base, per Weakley's Flora (2015).

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

JK Marlow    jkm0411a_13

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Fruit a capsule with 4 valves. Empty capsules may persist until Spring, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Parnassia grandifolia, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia

L.L. (Chick) Gaddy    llg_7824

Month Unknown    Ashe County    NC

This and other rare fen species can be found on Bluff Mtn in Ashe County, NC, per Alpine South: Plants and Plant Communities of the High Elevations of the Southern Appalachians.

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Parnassia grandifolia   FAMILY Parnassiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Parnassia grandifolia   FAMILY Saxifragaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Parnassia grandifolia

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 094-06-003:
Parnassia grandifolia   FAMILY Saxifragaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Parnassia grandifolia

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

1028

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Rare

Habitat: fens, gravelly seepages, pineland seepage bogs and ecotones, primarily or solely over calcareous, mafic, or ultramafic rocks, in the outer Coastal Plain in seepage over marl on nearly vertical river bluffs on the Cape Fear River (NC) and in pineland seepage bogs, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
Mostly basal

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens & 5 staminodia
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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