Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


108

Herbaceous vine
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in marshes, wet thickets, streambanks, bottomland forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Wet

LEAVES:
Odd-pinnately compound: (3)5-7 leaflets
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Summer
Brownish-purple/ Pinkish-maroon
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-lobed broadly campanulate calyx
5-parted papilionaceous corolla
10 stamens, diadelphous, 9 and 1
Superior ovary
Raceme

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Apios americana   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Apios americana   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-39-001:
Apios americana   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Glycine apios

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Groundnut


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_apam_005_lvd

        

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_glap_001_lvd

        

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

Keith Bradley    kab_apios_americana_1350

July    Henderson County    NC

Pisgah National Forest

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

JK Marlow    jkm060826_056

August    Greenville County    SC

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

JK Marlow    jkm060826_058

August    Greenville County    SC

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

JK Marlow    jkm090815_098

August    Greenville County    SC

Beaverpond & adjacent land

Sweetly fragrant brown-purple flowers arise in racemes from leaf axils, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

JK Marlow    jkm090815_103

August    Greenville County    SC

Beaverpond & adjacent land

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

JK Marlow    jkm110814_259

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

JK Marlow    jkm110814_265

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

JK Marlow    jkm130823_515

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Flowers 1/2" long, petals thick and brownish-purple, racemes dense & compact, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

JK Marlow    jkm140822_944945

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

The keel strongly curved inward, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

JK Marlow    jkm140822_946

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_apios_americana

August        

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

JK Marlow    s090815_05

August    Greenville County    SC

Beaverpond & adjacent land

Leaves pinnately compound with 5-7 ovate-lanceolate leaflets, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

JK Marlow    jkm090924_069

September    Hancock County    ME

Acadia National Park: Wild Gardens of Acadia

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

JK Marlow    jkm110924_612

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

Sam Pratt    sbp_2731

September    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

Sam Pratt    sbp_2732

September    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

Sam Pratt    sbp_2733

September    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

Roots with numerous enlargements [tubers], per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

Sam Pratt    sbp_2737

September    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

Native Americans used the root tubers as a staple food source, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

Sam Pratt    sbp_2740

September    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

Tubers can be used in soups and stews, or fried like potatoes, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

Bill Stringer    wcsgroundnut_2b

September        

picture of Apios americana, image of Apios americana

JK Marlow    jkm111016_031

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Fruit: Many-seeded linear legumes, 2-4" long, about 0.25" wide, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.