OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Apiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Aralia spinosa   FAMILY Araliaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Aralia spinosa   FAMILY Araliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Aralia spinosa

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 139-03-001:
Aralia spinosa   FAMILY Araliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_arsp2_001_lvd

        

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_arsp2_007_lvd

        

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm160504_477

May    Jackson County    NC

Pulley Park

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm190506_8176

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

Gill Newberry    gn06_aralia_spinosa

June        

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm160617_068

June    McCormick County    SC

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm160617_070

June    McCormick County    SC

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm160617_073

June    McCormick County    SC

Leaves glabrous or glabrate [here note the widely spaced trichomes], per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm190614_9189

June    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm0407k_03

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm0407z_19

July    Oconee County    SC

Roadside

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm0407z_22

July    Oconee County    SC

Roadside

Leaves bipinnately compound, 2 to 4' long; leaflets toothed, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm0407z_26

July    Oconee County    SC

Roadside

Many-flowered terminal panicles, 3-4' long, appear in late summer, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm160715_298

July    McCormick County    SC

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

Sam Pratt    sbp_3309

July    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm0308t_01

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

The trunk has strong prickles, unless quite large, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm120815_905

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Usually 5 stamens; 5 stigmas; 5 styles fused basally, then separate & recurved, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm120815_908

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm170923_p1350947

September    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm200911_7185

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm0310g_34

October    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm0310g_37

October    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm0411a_31

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm0511b_36

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Fruit is a black drupe with reddish juice, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm081103_043

November    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Leaf scar nearly encircles twig, often w a row of prickles surrounding it, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules-club, Prickly Aralia, Prickly-ash

JK Marlow    jkm081103_044

November    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Aralia spinosa   FAMILY Araliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Aralia spinosa   FAMILY Araliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Aralia spinosa

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 139-03-001:
Aralia spinosa   FAMILY Araliaceae

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

117

Shrub; Tree
Perennial
More or less polygamous

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common

Habitat: Disturbed pocosins and bottomlands, disturbed areas, moist to dry forests and woodlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Stems armed thoughout with stout broadbased prickles; leaves usually armed also

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Complexly compound, with 2+ levels of pinnate and/or ternate compoundness
Alternate

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
White
Bisexual or staminate
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens, usually
Inferior ovary

Inflorescence a terminal panicle

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Red
Drupe

 

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