Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1203

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in NC), endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Look for it in maritime forests & maritime scrub on barrier islands, more rarely inland (though regularly on the mainland from southeast NC south, and extending substantially inland from southern SC south), sometimes in dry, fire-maintained habitats more usually occupied by Q. geminata, also planted (esp in outer Coastal Plain), per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate, 5-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx 2-8 lobed, pistillate calyx 6-lobed
Petals absent
3-12 stamens in staminate flowers
Staminate flowers in clustered drooping catkins

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Acorn

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Quercus virginiana   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Quercus virginiana   FAMILY Fagaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 055-03-013:
Quercus virginiana   FAMILY Fagaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Live Oak


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Quercus virginiana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_quvi_001_lvd

        

image of Quercus virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm150228_775

February    Charleston County    SC

The Angel Oak of Johns Island is said to be the oldest live oak in North America

image of Quercus virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm080301_008

March    Charleston County    SC

Santee Coastal Reserve

image of Quercus virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm080301_008b

March    Charleston County    SC

Santee Coastal Reserve

The acorns have so little tannin that they can be eaten off the tree, per Wildflowers of the Carolina Lowcountry.

image of Quercus virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm080301_010

March    Charleston County    SC

Santee Coastal Reserve

Acorn cups turbinate or tapered conically, covering about 1/3 of nut, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Quercus virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm080301_011

March    Charleston County    SC

Santee Coastal Reserve

image of Quercus virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm080301_137

March    Charleston County    SC

Santee Coastal Reserve

image of Quercus virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm0505w_02

May    Charleston County    SC

The Battery

image of Quercus virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm0505w_04

May    Charleston County    SC

The Battery

A large to medium-sized tree with wide low-spreading branches, per Wildflowers of the Carolina Lowcountry.

image of Quercus virginiana

Paul Thompson    pstquercus_virginiana

September?        

Leaf margins are thickened and rolled under. — Clemson Extension

image of Quercus virginiana

Sam Pratt    sbp_1629

December    St. Johns County    FL

Galls made by the tiny brushy gall wasp, Andricus quercusfoliatus. — Ron Lance