Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Your search found 49 taxa.

Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Beech
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Fagus grandifolia +
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Fagus grandifolia
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Fagus grandifolia 055-01-001

 

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Chestnut
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Castanea dentata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Castanea dentata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Castanea dentata 055-02-001

 

Look for it in mesic and xeric forests

Common (rare in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Chinquapin, Chinkapin, Allegheny Chinquapin
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Castanea pumila
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Castanea pumila var. pumila
INCLUDING Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Castanea pumila var. pumila 055-02-002

 

Look for it in xeric forests & woodlands, generally in fire-maintained habitats

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Japanese Chestnut
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) -
PLANTS National Database: Castanea crenata

 

Non-native

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Chinese Chestnut
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Castanea mollissima
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Castanea mollissima

 

Look for it in forests

Rare, widely planted and sometimes naturalizing

Non-native: China

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Spanish Chestnut, European Chestnut
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Castanea sativa
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Castanea sativa

 

Non-native

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: White Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus alba
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus alba
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus alba 055-03-001

 

Look for it in mesic to xeric forests

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Post Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus stellata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus stellata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus stellata 055-03-002

 

Look for it in upland forests & woodlands, esp in clay or rocky soils and in fire communities

Common (uncommon in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Boynton Sand Post Oak, Boynton Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus boyntonii
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus boyntonii

 

Look for it in dry forests

Rare

Native: west of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Swamp Post Oak, Bottomland Post Oak, Delta Oak
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Quercus similis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus similis

 

Look for it in hardwood flatwoods and bottomland hardwood forests, especially over calcareous or subcalcareous substrates

Rare

Native to Georgia, South Carolina, & possibly North Carolina

 


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camera icon Common Name: Sand Post Oak, Scrub Post Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus margarettae
(?) PLANTS National Database: Quercus margarettae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus margaretta 055-03-003

 

Look for it in sandhills, typically in slightly loamy or clayey soils, not usual in the deepest and most xeric sands

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Bluff Oak, Bastard White Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus austrina
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus austrina
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus austrina 055-03-004

 

Look for it on river bluffs, mesic hammocks, dry hammocks, natural levees of brownwater rivers, over mafic rocks, on shell or calcareous sediments

Rare, essentially endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Overcup Oak, Swamp White Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus lyrata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus lyrata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus lyrata 055-03-005

 

Look for it in seasonally rather deeply & frequently flooded soils of floodplains of Coastal Plain, less commonly in seasonally flooded swamps in Triassic basins in lower Piedmont, and rarely in upland depression swamps of Piedmont (developed over clays weathered from mafic rocks) and Coastal Plain

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont & Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Swamp White Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus bicolor
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus bicolor
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus bicolor 055-03-006

 

Look for it in upland depression swamp forests over mafic rocks such as gabbro or diabase, bottomland swamps with calcareous sediments

Uncommon (rare south of VA)

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Swamp Chestnut Oak, Basket Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus michauxii
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus michauxii
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus michauxii 055-03-007

 

Look for it in bottomland forests, esp in fertile soils of upper terraces where flooded only infrequently & for shorter periods, upland depression ponds

Common (uncommon in Piedmont, rare in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rock Chestnut Oak, Tanbark Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus montana
SYNONYMOUS WITH (PROBABLY MISAPPLIED) PLANTS National Database: Quercus prinus
SYNONYMOUS WITH (PROBABLY MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus prinus 055-03-008

 

Look for it in xeric forests of ridges, slopes

Common (rare in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Chinquapin Oak, Yellow Chestnut Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus muehlenbergii
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus muehlenbergii
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus muehlenbergii 055-03-009

 

Look for it on slopes & bluffs, on soils derived from calcareous or mafic rocks

Uncommon (rare in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Dwarf Chinquapin Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus prinoides
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus prinoides
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus prinoides 055-03-010

 

Look for it in xeric uplands, esp on clay soils derived from mafic rocks, and probably in sites which naturally burned rather frequently

Rare

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Bastard Oak, Durand's White Oak, Durand's Oak
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Quercus durandii var. durandii
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus sinuata var. sinuata
INCLUDING Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus durandii 055-03-011

 

Look for it on calcareous bluffs, glades, prairies, ravines, hardwood flatwoods, bottomland forests

Rare (an endemic)

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bastard Oak
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) -
PLANTS National Database: Quercus sinuata var. breviloba

 

Native: Western US

 


drawing of Quercus oglethorpensis, Oglethorpe Oak need picture of leaf or frond of Quercus oglethorpensis, Oglethorpe Oak need picture of flower of Quercus oglethorpensis, Oglethorpe Oak need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Quercus oglethorpensis, Oglethorpe Oak need picture of fruit of Quercus oglethorpensis, Oglethorpe Oak
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camera icon Common Name: Oglethorpe Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus oglethorpensis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus oglethorpensis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus oglethorpensis 055-03-012

 

Look for it in bottomland forests, upland oak flats over clays (Iredell and Enon soils)

Rare

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Live Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus virginiana
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus virginiana
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus virginiana 055-03-013

 

Look for it in maritime forests & maritime scrub on barrier islands, more rarely inland (though regularly on the mainland from southeast NC south, and extending substantially inland from southern SC south), sometimes in dry, fire-maintained habitats more usually occupied by Q. geminata, also planted (esp in outer Coastal Plain)

Common (uncommon in NC), endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Sand Live Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus geminata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus geminata
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus virginiana 055-03-013?

 

Look for it in xeric sandhills (northwards restricted to areas very near the coast)

Common in GA Coastal Plain (uncommon in NC-SC), endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Dwarf Live Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus minima
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus minima

 

Look for it in pine flatwoods, coastal fringe sandhills

Uncommon (rare in NC), endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Chapman Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus chapmanii
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus chapmanii
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus chapmanii 055-03-014

 

Look for it in dry pinelands, sandhills, scrub

Rare, endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Northern Red Oak, Red Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus rubra +
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus rubra +
Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus rubra + 055-03-015

 

Look for it forests of slopes, coves, and - depending upon variety - ridges or ravines

Common (rare in Coastal Plain or Mountains, depending on variety)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Shumard Oak, Swamp Red Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus shumardii
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Quercus shumardii var. shumardii
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus shumardii 055-03-016

 

Look for it in moist & fertile soils of bottomlands & lower slopes, also in xeric sites over calcareous rock (such as limestone)

Uncommon (rare in Coastal Plain & Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Nuttall Oak, Texas Red Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus texana
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus texana

 

Look for it in floodplain swamps and bottomlands

Rare

Native west of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pin Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus palustris
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus palustris
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus palustris 055-03-017

 

Look for it in swamps & bottomlands, esp the broader swamps developed in the sedimentary rocks of Triassic basins of lower Piedmont, isolated upland sag ponds, also widely planted as a street tree in towns & cities

Rare south of VA

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Georgia Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus georgiana
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus georgiana
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus georgiana 055-03-018

 

Look for it on dry slopes and bluffs, mainly over granite

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Turkey Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus laevis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus laevis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus laevis 055-03-019

 

Look for it in sandhills, primarily in very xeric soils of deep sandy deposits (Carolina bay rims, old beach dunes, early Cenozoic deposits of Sandhills Province), or inland from the Coastal Plain on dry ridges and slopes over quartzite or other acidic rock types

Common (rare in Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Black Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus velutina
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus velutina
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus velutina 055-03-020

 

Look for it in upland forests & woodlands, esp in fairly xeric & sandy soils

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Scarlet Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus coccinea
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Quercus coccinea +
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus coccinea 055-03-021

 

Look for it in xeric upland forests

Common (uncommon in Coastal Plain south of VA)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus falcata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus falcata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus falcata var. falcata 055-03-022a

 

Look for it in upland forests, usually xeric

Common (uncommon in NC Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Cherrybark Oak, Swamp Spanish Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus pagoda
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus pagoda
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus falcata var. pagodaefolia 055-03-022b

 

Look for it in bottomland forests, esp on second terraces, also mesic upland sites

Common (rare in Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bear Oak, Scrub Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus ilicifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus ilicifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus ilicifolia 055-03-023

 

Look for it in xeric soils in ridges in the Mountains and monadnocks in the upper Piedmont, other dry sites

Rare in Piedmont

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Blackjack Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus marilandica var. marilandica
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus marilandica var. marilandica
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus marilandica 055-03-024

 

Look for it in uplands forests and woodlands, usually on periodically droughty soils, as over shrink-swell clays, sandstones, deep sands, and sands with clay lenses

Common (uncommon in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Water Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus nigra
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus nigra
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus nigra 055-03-025

 

Look for it in bottomland forests, esp on levees or second terraces where flooded infrequently and for short periods, less commonly on mesic slopes

Common (uncommon in Piedmont, rare in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Myrtle Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus myrtifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus myrtifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus myrtifolia 055-03-026

 

Look for it in dry pinelands

Rare, endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Shingle Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus imbricaria
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus imbricaria
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus imbricaria 055-03-027

 

Look for it in rich soils of upper floodplains of rivers & creeks, often at the base of the slope into the upland, also on lower slopes, and in forests over diabase in Piedmont of northern NC

Uncommon (rare in GA)

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Bluejack Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus incana
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus incana
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus incana 055-03-028

 

Look for it in sandhills, primarily in somewhat loamier textured, submesic soils, inland from the Coastal Plain on coarse sandy alluvium or upland ridges over quartzite or other acidic rocks

Common (rare in Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Running Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus elliottii
SYNONYMOUS WITH (APPARENTLY MISAPPLIED) PLANTS National Database: Quercus pumila
SYNONYMOUS WITH (APPARENTLY MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus pumila 055-03-029

 

Look for it in pine flatwoods, esp on loamy soils in the middle Coastal Plain

Common (uncommon in SC, rare in NC), endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Willow Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus phellos
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus phellos
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus phellos 055-03-030

 

Look for it in bottomland forests, esp on natural levees & second terraces, also in upland depression swamps developed on clay soils, weedy & successional on slopes & upland sites following disturbance, and widely planted as a street tree in towns & cities

Common (uncommon in Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Laurel Oak, Swamp Laurel Oak, Diamond Leaf Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus laurifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus laurifolia
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus laurifolia 055-03-031

 

Look for it in mesic to seasonally flooded soils of floodplains, also (rarely) mesic slopes and swamps in maritime forests

Common, endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Darlington Oak, Sand Laurel Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus hemisphaerica
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Quercus hemisphaerica +
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Quercus laurifolia 055-03-031?

 

Look for it in sandhills and other dry, sandy soils, as an abundant component of maritime forests with Q. virginiana, and widely planted as a street tree in most parts of our region

Common (rare in Piedmont), essentially endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Arkansas Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus arkansana
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus arkansana

 

Look for it on dry bluffs

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Buckley Oak
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) -
PLANTS National Database: Quercus buckleyi

 

Native: Western US

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bur Oak, Mossycup Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa

 

Look for it in rich bottomland forests, sometimes in drier forests and then usually over limestone or other calcareous rocks

Native: north & west of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sawtooth Oak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Quercus acutissima
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Quercus acutissima

 

Look for it as a suburban street tree, and also it's widely planted in "wildlife food plots"

Rare

Non-native: Japan

 


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