Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1242

Shrub; Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare in Piedmont & Mountains

Look for it in peaty habitats, in the Coastal Plain frequent in streamhead pocosins and sandhill seepage bogs, in the mountains in bogs, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade ...Wet

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Odd-pinnately compound: 7-13 leaflets
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Greenish-yellow/White
Usually bisexual
4-5 sepals
4-5 petals
4-5 stamens

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
White/Gray
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Sapindales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Toxicodendron vernix   FAMILY Anacardiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Toxicodendron vernix   FAMILY Anacardiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 110-01-001:
Rhus vernix   FAMILY Anacardiaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Poison Sumac, Thunderwood


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_tove_001_lvd

        

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_tove_004_lvd

        

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

JK Marlow    jkm080505_049

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Chinquapin Greenway

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

JK Marlow    jkm160624_098

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

JK Marlow    jkm160624_100

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

JK Marlow    jkm160624_104

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

JK Marlow    jkm160707_226

July    Spartanburg County    SC

Chinquapin Greenway

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

JK Marlow    jkm160707_226b

July    Spartanburg County    SC

Chinquapin Greenway

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_t_vernix_poisonsumac

July        

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

JK Marlow    jkm091017_106

October    Sumter County    SC

Manchester State Forest

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

JK Marlow    jkm091017_110

October    Sumter County    SC

Manchester State Forest

Leaf stalks and young twigs nearly always reddish, per Wildflowers of the Carolina Lowcountry.

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

JK Marlow    jkm091017_113

October    Sumter County    SC

Manchester State Forest

Fruits glabrous, light-colored to almost white, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

JK Marlow    jkm091017_114

October    Sumter County    SC

Manchester State Forest

Flowers and fruit axillary (vs. terminal in non-poisonous Rhus species), per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

Will Stuart    wil_10414900785

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

Will Stuart    wil_10415134543

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

Will Stuart    wil_10450293683

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

Will Stuart    wil_10492821633

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

Leaves with 7-13 elliptic, oblong or oblanceolate, entire leaflets, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Sumac and Tree-of-heaven

image of Toxicodendron vernix, Poison Sumac, Thunderwood

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmtvernix_sb1

Month Unknown