Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1242

Shrub; Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare in Piedmont & Mountains

Look for it in peaty habitats, in the Coastal Plain frequent in streamhead pocosins and sandhill seepage bogs, in the mountains in bogs, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade ...Wet

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Pinnately compound: 7-13 leaflets
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Greenish-yellow/White
Usually bisexual
4-5 sepals
4-5 petals
4-5 stamens

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
White/Gray
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Sapindales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Toxicodendron vernix   FAMILY Anacardiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Toxicodendron vernix   FAMILY Anacardiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 110-01-001:
Rhus vernix   FAMILY Anacardiaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Poison Sumac, Thunderwood


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Toxicodendron vernix

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_tove_001_lvd

        

image of Toxicodendron vernix

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_tove_004_lvd

        

image of Toxicodendron vernix

JK Marlow    jkm080505_049

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Chinquapin Greenway

image of Toxicodendron vernix

JK Marlow    jkm160624_098

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Toxicodendron vernix

JK Marlow    jkm160624_100

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Toxicodendron vernix

JK Marlow    jkm160624_104

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Toxicodendron vernix

JK Marlow    jkm160707_226

July    Spartanburg County    SC

Chinquapin Greenway

image of Toxicodendron vernix

JK Marlow    jkm160707_226b

July    Spartanburg County    SC

Chinquapin Greenway

image of Toxicodendron vernix

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_t_vernix_poisonsumac

July        

image of Toxicodendron vernix

JK Marlow    jkm091017_106

October    Sumter County    SC

Manchester State Forest

image of Toxicodendron vernix

JK Marlow    jkm091017_110

October    Sumter County    SC

Manchester State Forest

Leaf stalks and young twigs nearly always reddish, per Wildflowers of the Carolina Lowcountry.

image of Toxicodendron vernix

JK Marlow    jkm091017_113

October    Sumter County    SC

Manchester State Forest

Fruits glabrous, light-colored to almost white, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Toxicodendron vernix

JK Marlow    jkm091017_114

October    Sumter County    SC

Manchester State Forest

Flowers and fruit axillary (vs. terminal in non-poisonous Rhus species), per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Toxicodendron vernix

Will Stuart    wil_10414900785

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Toxicodendron vernix

Will Stuart    wil_10415134543

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Toxicodendron vernix

Will Stuart    wil_10450293683

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Toxicodendron vernix

Will Stuart    wil_10492821633

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

Leaves with 7-13 elliptic, oblong or oblanceolate, entire leaflets, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Sumac and Tree-of-heaven

image of Toxicodendron vernix

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmtvernix_sb1

Month Unknown