Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


126

Climbing woody vine
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in SC), endemic to the south-central Appalachians

Look for it in cove forests & other mountain mesic forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Maroon/Yellow-brown
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical calyx
3-merous
Calyx tubular, limb with 3 spreading lobes
Petals absent, usually
6 stamens

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Piperales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Isotrema macrophyllum   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Aristolochia macrophylla   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 062-01-001:
Aristolochia macrophylla   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Aristolochia durior

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Tennessee Flora Committee (2015)
Isotrema macrophylla

 

COMMON NAME:
Dutchman's Pipe, Pipevine


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Aristolochia macrophylla, image of Isotrema macrophyllum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_arma7_001_lvd

        

picture of Aristolochia macrophylla, image of Isotrema macrophyllum

JK Marlow    jkm120426_736

April    Yancey County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

picture of Aristolochia macrophylla, image of Isotrema macrophyllum

JK Marlow    jkm120426_740

April    Yancey County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

picture of Aristolochia macrophylla, image of Isotrema macrophyllum

JK Marlow    jkm170415_664

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Caterpillars of the pipevine swallowtail butterfly feed only on this family, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

picture of Aristolochia macrophylla, image of Isotrema macrophyllum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_a_macrophylla_z

May        

picture of Aristolochia macrophylla, image of Isotrema macrophyllum

Will Stuart    wil_8771481827_6571c1aeb1

May    Madison County    NC

Pipe "face" is about 1" wide with 3 equal lobes and a purple-brown mouth, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

picture of Aristolochia macrophylla, image of Isotrema macrophyllum

JK Marlow    jkm100626_121

June    Avery County    NC

The Roan Highlands

Flower is a fleshy tubular S-curved calyx terminating in 3 spreading lobes, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

picture of Aristolochia macrophylla, image of Isotrema macrophyllum

JK Marlow    jkm060805_217

August    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

picture of Aristolochia macrophylla, image of Isotrema macrophyllum

JK Marlow    jkm060805_221

August    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Leaves are heart-shaped, 4-10" wide, smooth to slightly hairy beneath, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

picture of Aristolochia macrophylla, image of Isotrema macrophyllum

JK Marlow    jkm080802_156

August    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

picture of Aristolochia macrophylla, image of Isotrema macrophyllum

JK Marlow    jkm111008_732

October    Jackson County    NC

Balsam Mountain Preserve

Fruit a 2-4" ribbed capsule with many flat triangular seeds, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

picture of Aristolochia macrophylla, image of Isotrema macrophyllum

JK Marlow    jkm0311c_01

November    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

High-climbing, twining vine most common in rich coves and moist slopes, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

picture of Aristolochia macrophylla, image of Isotrema macrophyllum

JK Marlow    jkm0311c_03

November    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

The species name "macrophylla" means "large leaf", per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.