Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1311

Shrub
Perennial

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon in NC, rare in GA

Look for it in spruce-fir and northern hardwood forests, especially typical on boulderfield, talus, and other rocky situations, primarily at high elevations in the Mountains, though sometimes descending to low elevations, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Odd-pinnately compound: 5-11 leaflets
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White
5 sepals, very small
5-lobed rotate corolla
5 stamens
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer
Red
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Dipsacales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (6/30/18):
Sambucus racemosa var. pubens   FAMILY Adoxaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa   FAMILY Caprifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 174-06-002:
Sambucus pubens   FAMILY Caprifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Sambucus pubens

 

COMMON NAME:
Red Elderberry, Red-berried Elder, Eastern Red Elderberry


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Sambucus racemosa var. pubens, Red Elderberry, Red-berried Elder, Eastern Red Elderberry

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / US Forest Service    pnd_sapu11_001_lvd

        

image of Sambucus racemosa var. pubens, Red Elderberry, Red-berried Elder, Eastern Red Elderberry

JK Marlow    jkm140418_360

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Sambucus racemosa var. pubens, Red Elderberry, Red-berried Elder, Eastern Red Elderberry

JK Marlow    jkm0505o_23

May    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Sambucus racemosa var. pubens, Red Elderberry, Red-berried Elder, Eastern Red Elderberry

JK Marlow    jkm0505o_26b

May    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Sambucus racemosa var. pubens, Red Elderberry, Red-berried Elder, Eastern Red Elderberry

JK Marlow    jkm160503_178

May    Haywood-Jackson Counties    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Bears its flowers in elongated, panicle-like inflorescences, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Sambucus racemosa var. pubens, Red Elderberry, Red-berried Elder, Eastern Red Elderberry

JK Marlow    jkm0407u_07

July    Mitchell County    NC

The Roan Highlands

The leaves have 5 to7 coarsely toothed leaflets, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Sambucus racemosa var. pubens, Red Elderberry, Red-berried Elder, Eastern Red Elderberry

JK Marlow    jkm060710_197

July    Tucker County    WV

Monongahela National Forest

image of Sambucus racemosa var. pubens, Red Elderberry, Red-berried Elder, Eastern Red Elderberry

JK Marlow    jkm060710_199

July    Tucker County    WV

Monongahela National Forest

image of Sambucus racemosa var. pubens, Red Elderberry, Red-berried Elder, Eastern Red Elderberry

Ron Lance    rwl1311_a

July        

Fruits red, borne in elongated or racemose clusters, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruit of Elderberry species

image of Sambucus racemosa var. pubens, Red Elderberry, Red-berried Elder, Eastern Red Elderberry

JK Marlow    jkm111008_791

October    Jackson County    NC

Balsam Mountain Preserve