Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1369

Shrub
Perennial

Non-native: South America, presumably
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont)

Look for it in ditches, wet fields, marshes, ponded wetlands, wet pinelands, per Weakley's Flora

map
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Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014

 

...Wet

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Even-pinnately compound: 12-40 leaflets
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Reddish/ Orange
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-lobed campanulate calyx
5-parted papilionaceous corolla
10 stamens, diadelphous, 9 and 1
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Dark brown
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Sesbania punicea   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Sesbania punicea   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-30-001:
Daubentonia punicea   FAMILY Fabaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Rattlebush, Purple Sesban, Scarlet Wisteria-tree


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Sesbania punicea

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmspunicea_huger1

May    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Introduced into Florida as an ornamental, it has spread thru the Southeast, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Sesbania punicea

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmspunicea_huger2

May    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Highly poisonous to fowl and sheep, and probably humans as well, per Wildflowers of the Carolina Lowcountry.

image of Sesbania punicea

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmspunicea_huger3

May    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

The common name is misleading: flower color much closer to red than purple, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Sesbania punicea

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_sesbania_punicea_14

July        

image of Sesbania punicea

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_sesbania_punicea_3

July        

image of Sesbania punicea

Barry Rice, sarracenia.com, Bugwood.org    bug_5391764

Month Unknown        

image of Sesbania punicea

John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org    bug_5392587

Month Unknown        

image of Sesbania punicea

Karan A. Rawlins, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org    bug_5403310

Month Unknown        

Legume conspicuously 4-winged longitudinally, acuminate or tapering to a beak, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Sesbania punicea

Rebekah D. Wallace, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org    bug_5423637

Month Unknown    Camden County    GA

Cumberland Island National Seashore

Leaves 4-12", with 10-17 pairs of leaflets, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE pinnately compound leaves of shrubs