OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Smilax smallii   FAMILY Smilacaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax smallii   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Smilax smallii

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 041-02-011:
Smilax smallii   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) The woody Smilaxes of the United States (Coker, 1944)
Smilax lanceolata

SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Smilax lanceolata

 

COMMON NAME:
Jackson-brier, Unarmed Catbrier, Sweet-scented Smilax


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Smilax smallii, Jackson-brier, Unarmed Catbrier, Sweet-scented Smilax

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_smla2_001_lvd

        

image of Smilax smallii, Jackson-brier, Unarmed Catbrier, Sweet-scented Smilax

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_smsm_003_lvd

        

image of Smilax smallii, Jackson-brier, Unarmed Catbrier, Sweet-scented Smilax

Will Stuart    wil_8393092447_ccaf4182e7

January    Anson County    NC

Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge

Berries dull red. Leaf base cuneate (vs. S. walteri almost always rounded), per Weakley's Flora (2012).

image of Smilax smallii, Jackson-brier, Unarmed Catbrier, Sweet-scented Smilax

JK Marlow    jkm160226_990

February    Aiken County    SC

image of Smilax smallii, Jackson-brier, Unarmed Catbrier, Sweet-scented Smilax

JK Marlow    jkm160226_991a

February    Aiken County    SC

image of Smilax smallii, Jackson-brier, Unarmed Catbrier, Sweet-scented Smilax

JK Marlow    jkm150822_843

August    Oconee County    SC

Brasstown Creek Heritage Preserve

Upper stem greenish with sparse 3-4mm prickles, per Wildflowers of the Sandhills Region.

image of Smilax smallii, Jackson-brier, Unarmed Catbrier, Sweet-scented Smilax

JK Marlow    jkm150822_844

August    Oconee County    SC

Brasstown Creek Heritage Preserve

Stems green, terete, and usually spineless, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax smallii, Jackson-brier, Unarmed Catbrier, Sweet-scented Smilax

JK Marlow    jkm150822_846

August    Oconee County    SC

Brasstown Creek Heritage Preserve

Leaves gradually contracted to acute or acuminate apices, base rounded to cuneate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax smallii, Jackson-brier, Unarmed Catbrier, Sweet-scented Smilax

JK Marlow    jkm150822_847

August    Oconee County    SC

Brasstown Creek Heritage Preserve

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Smilax smallii   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax smallii   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Smilax smallii

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 041-02-011:
Smilax smallii   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) The woody Smilaxes of the United States (Coker, 1944)
Smilax lanceolata

SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Smilax lanceolata

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

1403

Climbing woody vine
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common in Coastal Plain of GA & SC, uncommon to rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC

Habitat: Bottomland and riparian forests, upland forests, hardwood flatwoods, pine flatwoods, wooded seeps, stream banks, roadsides, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Stems usually armed with prickles (twigs & mature fruiting stems often lack them

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Summer
Yellowish-green
Unisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens in staminate flowers
Superior ovary

Flowers in axillary umbels

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Dull red then black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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