Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1403

Climbing woody vine
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in Carolina Mountains, common GA Coastal Plain))

Look for it in bottomland forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Summer
Yellowish-green
Unisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens in staminate flowers
Superior ovary
Flowers in axillary umbels

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Dull red
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Smilax smallii   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax smallii   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-02-011:
Smilax smallii   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Smilax maritima

 

COMMON NAME:
Sweet-scented Smilax, Unarmed Catbrier, Jackson-brier


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Smilax smallii

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_smla2_001_lvd

        

image of Smilax smallii

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_smsm_003_lvd

        

image of Smilax smallii

Will Stuart    wil_8393092447_ccaf4182e7

January    Anson County    NC

Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge

Berries dull red. Leaf base cuneate (vs. S. walteri almost always rounded), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax smallii

JK Marlow    jkm160226_990

February    Aiken County    SC

image of Smilax smallii

JK Marlow    jkm160226_991a

February    Aiken County    SC

image of Smilax smallii

JK Marlow    jkm150822_843

August    Oconee County    SC

Brasstown Creek Heritage Preserve

Upper stem greenish with sparse 3-4mm prickles, per Wildflowers of the Sandhills Region.

image of Smilax smallii

JK Marlow    jkm150822_844

August    Oconee County    SC

Brasstown Creek Heritage Preserve

Stems green, terete, and usually spineless, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax smallii

JK Marlow    jkm150822_846

August    Oconee County    SC

Brasstown Creek Heritage Preserve

Lvs gradually contracted to acute or acuminate apices, base rounded to cuneate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax smallii

JK Marlow    jkm150822_847

August    Oconee County    SC

Brasstown Creek Heritage Preserve