Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1405

Woody vine
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in bottomland, riparian, and mesic upland forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Wet ...Moist

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Stems usually armed with abundant dark, slender, bristlelike prickles

LEAVES:
Deciduous to semi-evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellowish-green/Brownish
Unisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens in staminate flowers
Superior ovary
Flowers in axillary umbels

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (6/30/18):
Smilax hispida   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax tamnoides   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-02-006:
Smilax hispida   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Smilax hispida

 

COMMON NAME:
Bristly Greenbrier, Hellfetter, Chinaroot


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Smilax hispida, Bristly Greenbrier, Hellfetter, Chinaroot

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_smhi_001_lvd

        

image of Smilax hispida, Bristly Greenbrier, Hellfetter, Chinaroot

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_smta2_001_lvd

        

image of Smilax hispida, Bristly Greenbrier, Hellfetter, Chinaroot

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmstamnoides_wad1

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Prickles are round, pliant and bristlelike, per Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast.

image of Smilax hispida, Bristly Greenbrier, Hellfetter, Chinaroot

Bryan England    bry_shispida_greenbelow

December    Wake County    NC

Annie Louise Wilkerson, MD Nature Preserve Park

Undersides of leaf blades green, not glaucous, per Flora of North America.

image of Smilax hispida, Bristly Greenbrier, Hellfetter, Chinaroot

Bryan England    bry_shispida_lfmargin

December    Wake County    NC

Annie Louise Wilkerson, MD Nature Preserve Park

Leaf blade margins uniformly minutely serrulate in basal half, per Flora of North America.

image of Smilax hispida, Bristly Greenbrier, Hellfetter, Chinaroot

Bryan England    bry_shispida_prickles

December    Wake County    NC

Annie Louise Wilkerson, MD Nature Preserve Park

Prickles of the stem abundant, thin and needle-like, shiny brown or black, per Weakley's Flora.