Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1451

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in NC)

Look for it in woodlands & forests, usually on circumneutral soils, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Red outside (yellow inside)
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5 sepals
5-lobed tubular corolla
5 stamens
Flowers in a terminal one-sided (secund) cyme

FRUIT:
Summer

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Gentianales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Spigelia marilandica   FAMILY Loganiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Spigelia marilandica   FAMILY Loganiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 154-02-001:
Spigelia marilandica   FAMILY Loganiaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Indian Pink, Woodland Pinkroot, Wormgrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Spigelia marilandica

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_spma3_001_lvd

        

image of Spigelia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm120415_072

April    Pickens County    SC

Clemson Forest

Leaves sessile, with leaf tips acute or acuminate & bases usually rounded, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Spigelia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm120424_618b

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

The scarlet-red petals fused and tubular for most of their 2" length, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Spigelia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm120506_609b

May    Oconee County    SC

5 linear sepals, 3-12mm long and tapered from base to apex, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Spigelia marilandica

Mark A. Musselman    mam_indianpink051006b

May    Dorchester County    SC

Audubon Center at Francis Beidler Forest

image of Spigelia marilandica

Mark A. Musselman    mam_indianpink051006n

May    Dorchester County    SC

Audubon Center at Francis Beidler Forest

The 5 lobes of the corolla spread to create a yellow star, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Spigelia marilandica

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_s_marilandica_c2

May        

The style usually extends well outside the corolla tube, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Spigelia marilandica

Tim Spira    tpssmarilandica3

May        

image of Spigelia marilandica

Ben Geer Keys    bgk1451_b

June        

Inflorescence terminal, one or two ebracteate, spicate helicoid cymes, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Spigelia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm0506h_37

June    Oconee County    SC

image of Spigelia marilandica

Sam Pratt    sbp_3217

June    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

image of Spigelia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm0507m_20

July    Oconee County    SC

Irregularly angled black seeds catapault before the capsule appears ripe, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Spigelia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm080726_164

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Spigelia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm080726_166

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Spigelia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm120728_030

July    Abbeville County    SC

Parson's Mountain Recreation Area

image of Spigelia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm120728_031

July    Abbeville County    SC

Parson's Mountain Recreation Area

image of Spigelia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm161009_903

October    Pickens County    SC

Clemson Forest

Venation impressed; lateral veins curved.