Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2322

Shrub
Perennial
Has milky sap (latex)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon in GA, rare in NC-SC

Look for it in maritime scrub, maritime forests, also inland in hammocks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Semi-evergreen/Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White
Bisexual
5-lobed calyx
5-lobed corolla
5 stamens & 5 staminodia, fused to corolla
Superior ovary
Flowers in axillary clusters

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Black
Drupe-like berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Ericales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Sideroxylon tenax   FAMILY Sapotaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Sideroxylon tenax   FAMILY Sapotaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 149-01-002:
Bumelia tenax   FAMILY Sapotaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Tough Bumelia, Tough Buckthorn, Tough Bully


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Bumelia tenax, image of Sideroxylon tenax

Sam Pratt    sbp_4040

October    Charleston County    SC

Leaves lustrous, coppery or golden below due to silky appressed hairs, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Bumelia tenax, image of Sideroxylon tenax

Sam Pratt    sbp_4040b

October    Charleston County    SC

Fruit an ellipsoid drupe-like berry 6-10mm long, subtended by persistent calyx, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Bumelia tenax, image of Sideroxylon tenax

Sam Pratt    sbp_4041

October    Charleston County    SC

Stubby spur shoots with clustered leaves are often produced on the branches, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Bumelia tenax, image of Sideroxylon tenax

Sam Pratt    sbp_4041b

October    Charleston County    SC

Leaves 3-7cm long, mostly oblanceolate, the tip rounded, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

picture of Bumelia tenax, image of Sideroxylon tenax

Sam Pratt    sbp_photo_5

October    Charleston County    SC

Bark brown, furrowed and narrow-ridged; inner bark reddish-brown, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.