Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


275

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in GA Piedmont & SC Coastal Plain)

Look for it in forests and woodlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Odd-pinnately compound: (5)7 leaflets
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx 2-3 lobed
Inferior ovary
Staminate flowers in elongate catkins

FRUIT:
Fall
Nut

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Carya ovalis   FAMILY Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Carya ovalis   FAMILY Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 053-02-011:
Carya ovalis   FAMILY Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Hicoria microcarpa

LESS THAN Flora of North America
Carya glabra

 

COMMON NAME:
Red Hickory, Sweet Pignut Hickory


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Carya ovalis, image of Carya ovalis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_ovalis_10

January        

Husk winged on seams beyond middle, splits nearly to base oft retaining nut, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

picture of Carya ovalis, image of Carya ovalis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_ovalis_12

January        

Twigs glabrous, slender to moderately stout; (inner) bud scales tight, pale, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

picture of Carya ovalis, image of Carya ovalis

JK Marlow    jkm0402b_31

February    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

picture of Carya ovalis, image of Carya ovalis

JK Marlow    s040515_opq

May    Greenville County    SC

Arguably distinct from C. glabra, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Carya ovalis, image of Carya ovalis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_ovalis_11

June        

Leaves with (5-)7 leaflets, pubescent beneath; petiole reddish, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Carya ovalis, image of Carya ovalis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_ovalis_8

June        

picture of Carya ovalis, image of Carya ovalis

JK Marlow    s050807_fh

August    Greenville County    SC

Leaves more commonly with 7 leaflets, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Carya ovalis, image of Carya ovalis

JK Marlow    s050807_i

August    Greenville County    SC

Petiole reddish, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Carya ovalis, image of Carya ovalis

JK Marlow    jkm0509i_20

September    Greenville County    SC

Fruit 1 to 1.25" long, husk thin and winged on seams beyond middle, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

picture of Carya ovalis, image of Carya ovalis

JK Marlow    jkm0510a_37

October    Greenville County    SC

picture of Carya ovalis, image of Carya ovalis

JK Marlow    jkm0211g_13a

November    Greenville County    SC

picture of Carya ovalis, image of Carya ovalis

JK Marlow    jkm151103_040

November    Greenville County    SC

picture of Carya ovalis, image of Carya ovalis

Ron Lance    jkm110219_638b

Month Unknown        

Fruits not pear-shaped, the nuts pointed at both ends & weakly angled, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.