OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Ericales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Chimaphila maculata   FAMILY Ericaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Chimaphila maculata   FAMILY Pyrolaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Flora of North America
Chimaphila maculata

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 145-01-001:
Chimaphila maculata   FAMILY Ericaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Chimaphila maculata

 

COMMON NAME:
Pipsissewa, Striped Wintergreen, Rat's Bane


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Chimaphila maculata, Pipsissewa, Striped Wintergreen, Rat's Bane

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_chma3_001_lvd

        

image of Chimaphila maculata, Pipsissewa, Striped Wintergreen, Rat's Bane

Steve Marlow    snm079901_09

January    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

An acid soil indicator plant which grows at a pH of about 4.5, per Corneille Bryan Native Garden.

image of Chimaphila maculata, Pipsissewa, Striped Wintergreen, Rat's Bane

Roxanna Martin    rlm21911_194

February    Spartanburg County    SC

Capsule subglobose, splitting on the sutures from the apex to the base, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Chimaphila maculata, Pipsissewa, Striped Wintergreen, Rat's Bane

Steve Marlow    snm160531_041

May    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

image of Chimaphila maculata, Pipsissewa, Striped Wintergreen, Rat's Bane

Roxanna Martin    rlm6410_345

June    Spartanburg County    SC

The 5 petals are white or pinkish; the stigma is rounded and green, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Chimaphila maculata, Pipsissewa, Striped Wintergreen, Rat's Bane

Roxanna Martin    rlm6610_349

June    Spartanburg County    SC

Five sepals united at base, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Chimaphila maculata, Pipsissewa, Striped Wintergreen, Rat's Bane

Roxanna Martin    rlm6610_351

June    Spartanburg County    SC

10 stamens each with a pair of conspicuous tubular anthers, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Chimaphila maculata, Pipsissewa, Striped Wintergreen, Rat's Bane

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_chimaphila_maculata_c

June        

Small clusters of nodding waxy flowers at the top of the plant, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Chimaphila maculata, Pipsissewa, Striped Wintergreen, Rat's Bane

Tim Spira    tps_cmaculalta5

June        

Leaves dark green with a whitish stripe down the middle, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Chimaphila maculata, Pipsissewa, Striped Wintergreen, Rat's Bane

JK Marlow    jkm120702_378b

July    Greenville County    SC

Leaves widest near the base with large distant teeth along the margins, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Chimaphila maculata, Pipsissewa, Striped Wintergreen, Rat's Bane

Keith Bradley    kab_c_maculata_1073

July    Buncombe County    NC

North Carolina Arboretum

image of Chimaphila maculata, Pipsissewa, Striped Wintergreen, Rat's Bane

Roxanna Martin    rlm7210_264

July    Spartanburg County    SC

Although the flowers nod, the fruit capsule is erect, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Chimaphila maculata   FAMILY Ericaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Chimaphila maculata   FAMILY Pyrolaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Flora of North America
Chimaphila maculata

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 145-01-001:
Chimaphila maculata   FAMILY Ericaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Chimaphila maculata

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

317

Subshrub; Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common (rare in GA Coastal Plain)

Habitat: forests and woodlands, mostly rather xeric and acid, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5 sepals
5 petals
10 stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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