Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


428

Shrub; Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Piedmont)

Look for it in pocosins, swamps, lake & flatwood pond margins, streambanks, pine flatwoods, per Weakley's Flora

map
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partial shade ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Semi-evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Brown/Olive
Drupe-like

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Ericales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Cyrilla racemiflora   FAMILY Cyrillaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Cyrilla racemiflora   FAMILY Cyrillaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 111-01-001:
Cyrilla racemiflora   FAMILY Cyrillaceae

LESS THAN Flora of North America
Cyrilla racemiflora

 

COMMON NAME:
Titi, Swamp Cyrilla, Leatherwood


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Cyrilla racemiflora

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_cyra_001_lvd

        

image of Cyrilla racemiflora

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_cyra_003_lvd

        

image of Cyrilla racemiflora

Keith Bradley    kab_c_racemiflora_0724

February    Lexington County    SC

Peachtree Rock Heritage Preserve

The remains of its inflorescences are present all year, an aid in field id, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Cyrilla racemiflora

JK Marlow    jkm150529_110

May    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

Leaf blades leathery, narrowly obovate to oblanceolate, glabrous, entire, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Cyrilla racemiflora

JK Marlow    jkm150529_111

May    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

Its reticulate venation distinctive once learned, but difficult to describe, per Wildflowers of the Sandhills Region.

image of Cyrilla racemiflora

JK Marlow    jkm180505_1808

May    Pike County    GA

Camp Thunder VPA

Each flower subtended by a solitary subulate (awl-shaped) bract 2-3mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Cyrilla racemiflora

Will Stuart    wil_8437129373_c6d01a6fe6

June    Chesterfield County    SC

Cheraw State Park

Short trunks and crooked stems divided into several wide-spreading branches, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Cyrilla racemiflora

Will Stuart    wil8437129373_3c922c9d85b

June    Chesterfield County    SC

Cheraw State Park

image of Cyrilla racemiflora

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_racemiflora_ti_ti

July        

image of Cyrilla racemiflora

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_cyrilla_racemiflora_4

July        

Narrow cylindric racemes in whorls at the base of current season's growth, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Cyrilla racemiflora

JK Marlow    jkm161001_074

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Cyrilla racemiflora

Will Stuart    wil_8437128877_603b3863c1

December    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

Fruit in narrow racemes in whorls at base of current year's twigs, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Cyrilla racemiflora

Will Stuart    wil8437128877_603b3863c1b

December    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge