Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Ericales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
Similar to M. uniflora in general appearance; however, the stem and flower colors tend to be creamy-yellow to orange-yellow.... Read more at Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
Its short, stubby roots contain fungi that extend in a web-like way through dead rotting leaves and connect to the roots of conifers. The conifers provide sugar, which the fungi carry to the Indian Pipe plant. So it's really a parasite, not a saprophyte. Read more at the Botanical Society of America.
When distinguishing Monotropa species using morphological characters, it is important to take all characters into account including the habitat where the individual was seen. Read more in Reevaluating the species status of the Southern Ghost Pipe, Monotropa brittonii (Keesling, 2020).
INCLUDED WITHIN Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
INCLUDED WITHIN Flora of North America
INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 145-03-001?:
Monotropa uniflora FAMILY Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Southern Ghost Pipes, Scrub Ghost-flower
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913 pnd_moun3_001_lvd
COMPARE Indian Pipes, Pinesap and Pygmy Pipes
Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
Flora of North America
Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Habitat: Florida scrub, longleaf pine sandhills, other dry, sandy habitats, per Weakley's Flora
Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
Deep pink to salmon, orangish-yellow
Sepals absent, apparently (?)
10 stamens (8-14?)
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC, 2nd ed. (McMillan, Porcher, Rayner, & White; 2022) p328
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC, 2nd ed. (McMillan, Porcher, Rayner, & White; 2022) p253
If a search such as "Carex leptalea var. leptalea" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "Carex leptalea".
Or, to minimize chances of a misspelling, try just "Carex le".
Less is more: If "pencil flower" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "pencil".