Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Saxifragales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
Read about the Witch-Alders from Linda Chafin and the Southern Appalachian Botanical Society.
Learn more about Large Witch-alder from the Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
Most cultivated Fothergilla (notably the cultivar 'Mt. Airy') is the pentaploid hybrid of Fothergilla gardenii × major (= F. ×intermedia Ranney & Fantz) (Ranney et al. 2007). Read more in Weakley's Flora (2023)
SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America (Kartesz, 1999)
SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America north of Mexico, vol. 3 (1997)
SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 095-03-002:
Fothergilla major FAMILY Hamamelidaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Large Witch-alder, Mountain Witch-alder, Fothergilla
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
Alan S. Weakley asw_2993557077443663
April Orange County NC
North Carolina Botanical Garden
Flowers with white stamens, no petals, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance).
JK Marlow jkm0305zc_13
May Buncombe County NC
Botanical Gardens at Asheville
Leaves lobed or coarsely toothed near tip, or entire; base rounded or slightly cordate, per Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast (Foote & Jones, 1989).
COMPARE leaves of Hazel Alder, Hazelnut, Witch Hazel and Witch-alder
JK Marlow jkm231025_6352
October Greenville County SC
Ashmore Heritage Preserve
The lowermost secondary veins forming a V shape in an otherwise larger cordate or rounded base, per Weakley's Flora (2023).
Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
Floristic Synthesis of North America (Kartesz, 1999)
Flora of North America north of Mexico, vol. 3
Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Habitat: Dry ridgetop forests of middle elevation ridges in the mountains, especially along the Blue Ridge Escarpment, summits and upper slopes of Piedmont monadnocks, north-facing bluffs and along small streams in the lower Piedmont, per Weakley's Flora
Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Uncommon in NC Mountains (rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC)
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
Bisexual? Mostly unisexual?
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Wasowski & Wasowski, 1994, 2020) p082
- Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee (Hunter, 2002) p246
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC, 2nd ed. (McMillan, Porcher, Rayner, & White; 2022) p109
- Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast (Foote & Jones, 1989) p065
- Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Georgia (Chafin, 2007) p145
- Wild Flowers of NC, 2nd edition (Justice, Bell, & Lindsey, 2005) p108
- Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance) p37
- Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004) p144
If a search such as "Carex leptalea var. leptalea" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "Carex leptalea".
Or, to minimize chances of a misspelling, try just "Carex le".
Less is more: If "pencil flower" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "pencil".