OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Gymnocladus dioicus   FAMILY Fabaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Gymnocladus dioicus   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Native & naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the US (Isely, 1998)
Gymnocladus dioicus

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 098-07-001:
Gymnocladus dioica   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Gymnocladus dioicus

 

COMMON NAME:
Kentucky Coffeetree, Kentucky Mahogany


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Gymnocladus dioicus, Kentucky Coffeetree, Kentucky Mahogany

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_gydi_001_lvd

        

image of Gymnocladus dioicus, Kentucky Coffeetree, Kentucky Mahogany

JK Marlow    jkm220505_7572

May    Spartanburg County    SC

in cultivation

image of Gymnocladus dioicus, Kentucky Coffeetree, Kentucky Mahogany

JK Marlow    jkm220505_7575

May    Spartanburg County    SC

in cultivation

image of Gymnocladus dioicus, Kentucky Coffeetree, Kentucky Mahogany

JK Marlow    jkm220505_7577

May    Spartanburg County    SC

in cultivation

image of Gymnocladus dioicus, Kentucky Coffeetree, Kentucky Mahogany

JK Marlow    jkm220505_7578

May    Spartanburg County    SC

in cultivation

image of Gymnocladus dioicus, Kentucky Coffeetree, Kentucky Mahogany

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_g_dioicus_12

June        

Leaves bipinnately compound, except once-pinnately compound at rachis base, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE bipinnately or tripinnately compound leaves of trees

image of Gymnocladus dioicus, Kentucky Coffeetree, Kentucky Mahogany

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_gymnocladus_dioicus_4

June        

Bark thick, with narrow scaly ridges, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Gymnocladus dioicus, Kentucky Coffeetree, Kentucky Mahogany

JK Marlow    jkm140816_637

August    Jackson County    NC

High Hampton Inn

image of Gymnocladus dioicus, Kentucky Coffeetree, Kentucky Mahogany

JK Marlow    jkm081110_030

November    Buncombe County    NC

NC Arboretum

image of Gymnocladus dioicus, Kentucky Coffeetree, Kentucky Mahogany

JK Marlow    jkm081110_032

November    Buncombe County    NC

NC Arboretum

Fruit a brown legume 3-7" long, with large hard rounded seed, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Gymnocladus dioicus, Kentucky Coffeetree, Kentucky Mahogany

JK Marlow    jkm081110_035

November    Buncombe County    NC

NC Arboretum

Fruit pods hard, leathery, falling without opening, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Gymnocladus dioicus   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Gymnocladus dioicus   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Native & naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the US (Isely, 1998)
Gymnocladus dioicus

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 098-07-001:
Gymnocladus dioica   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Gymnocladus dioicus

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

625

Tree
Perennial
Dioecious

Native: north & west of the Carolinas & Georgia

Rare or waif(s)

Habitat: Native in bottomland and riparian forests, mesic upland forests and woodlands, stream banks, swamp margins, often along rivers; also in disturbed areas, persistent and weakly spreading from horticultural plantings, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Deciduous
2-pinnately compound: 10-14 pinnae
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Greenish-white
Unisexual
Nearly radially symmetrical
4-5 petals
10 included stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Brownish-black
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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