Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


673

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rare

Look for it in dry forests and woodlands, esp over mafic or calcareous rocks, such as diabase, gabbro, calcareous siltstone, and dolomite (though sometimes in distinctly acid situations), shell middens, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple - sheathing, scale-like

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Yellowish-brown with brownish streaks and a purplish lip
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
3 petals, the two lateral similar and a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Hexalectris spicata var. spicata   FAMILY Orchidaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Hexalectris spicata   FAMILY Orchidaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 049-19-001:
Hexalectris spicata   FAMILY Orchidaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Crested Coralroot, Spiked Crested Coralroot, Brunetta


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Hexalectris spicata var. spicata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_hesp3_001_lvd

        

image of Hexalectris spicata var. spicata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_h_spicata_4_s

June?        

image of Hexalectris spicata var. spicata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_hexalectris_spicata_2

June?        

image of Hexalectris spicata var. spicata

Jim Fowler    jafhexalectr_close030708

July    Barnwell County    SC

Yellow & purple flowers on a brown stem present a peculiar color combination, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Hexalectris spicata var. spicata

Jim Fowler    jafhexalectr_group030708

July    Barnwell County    SC

Resembles Corallorhiza but larger in all respects; scape to 30" tall or more, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Hexalectris spicata var. spicata

Bill Stringer    wcs_spikedcrestedcoralrt

July    Greenwood County    SC

Flowers yellowish-brown with brown-purple streaks and a purplish lip, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.