Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


679

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon, endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Look for it in acidic soils in deciduous and deciduous-coniferous forests, often along creeks under Rhododendron maximum, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Plant acaulescent (without aerial stems). Leaves alternate, 2-ranked

RHIZOMES? STOLONS?
Rhizomatous

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Pale purplish/ Purplish-brown
Bisexual
3-merous
3-lobed urceolate-campanulate calyx tube
Petals absent
12 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Piperales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (6/30/18):
Hexastylis shuttleworthii   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Hexastylis shuttleworthii var. shuttleworthii   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH New combinations in North American Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) (Barringer, 1993)
Asarum shuttleworthii var. shuttleworthii

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 062-03-007:
Hexastylis shuttleworthii   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Hexastylis shuttleworthii

 

COMMON NAME:
Large-flower Heartleaf, Wild Ginger


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Hexastylis shuttleworthii, Large-flower Heartleaf, Wild Ginger

JK Marlow    jkm080329_021

March    Pickens County    SC

Keowee Toxaway State Natural Area

Calyx tube 15-40mm long, lobes 10-22mm wide at base, spreading ascending, per A Review of the Taxonomy & Biogeography of Hexastylis, Aristolochiaceae. Castanea (L.L. Gaddy, 1987).

image of Hexastylis shuttleworthii, Large-flower Heartleaf, Wild Ginger

JK Marlow    jkm080329_024

March    Pickens County    SC

Keowee Toxaway State Natural Area

Leaves mottled - or not. If mottled, the paler portions along the veins, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Hexastylis shuttleworthii, Large-flower Heartleaf, Wild Ginger

JK Marlow    jkm130420_500

April    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

Internal ridged reticulation a regular open network, per A Review of the Taxonomy & Biogeography of Hexastylis, Aristolochiaceae. Castanea (L.L. Gaddy, 1987).

image of Hexastylis shuttleworthii, Large-flower Heartleaf, Wild Ginger

JK Marlow    jkm130420_505

April    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

The very large flowers make this species readily identifiable, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Hexastylis shuttleworthii, Large-flower Heartleaf, Wild Ginger

JK Marlow    jkm130420_512

April    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

image of Hexastylis shuttleworthii, Large-flower Heartleaf, Wild Ginger

JK Marlow    jkm130420_588

April    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

Stamens adnate to the pistil and erect; 6 separate, erect styles, per A Review of the Taxonomy & Biogeography of Hexastylis, Aristolochiaceae. Castanea (L.L. Gaddy, 1987).

image of Hexastylis shuttleworthii, Large-flower Heartleaf, Wild Ginger

JK Marlow    jkm160502_066

May    Macon County    NC

image of Hexastylis shuttleworthii, Large-flower Heartleaf, Wild Ginger

JK Marlow    jkm160502_067

May    Macon County    NC

Leaves rounded, w cordate base, all portions of the sides of the leaves convex, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Hexastylis shuttleworthii, Large-flower Heartleaf, Wild Ginger

JK Marlow    jkm160502_071

May    Macon County    NC

image of Hexastylis shuttleworthii, Large-flower Heartleaf, Wild Ginger

JK Marlow    jkm160516_774

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden