Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
Check out EDDMapS.org to see where this has been reported.
Read more about Japanese Privet at Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 153-05-002:
Ligustrum japonicum FAMILY Oleaceae
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
Paul Thompson pstligustrum_japonicum
Note the prominent lenticels on twigs. — Clemson Extension
Habitat: Disturbed places, per Weakley's Flora
Non-native: Japan & Korea
Common in GA & SC Coastal Plain (uncommon elsewhere in GA-NC-SC)
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:
- Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
- Brooklyn Botanic Garden
- Forest Health Assessment & Applied Sciences Team: New Invaders of the Northeast
- Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
- NC Department of Transportation
- SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
- SC Native Plant Society
- Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
- US Fish & Wildlife Service
- US Forest Service Southern Research Station
Opposite, or rarely alternate
Synsepalous calyx, lobes obsolete
4-lobed salverform corolla
Inflorescence a many-flowered terminal panicle
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control (Kaufman & Kaufman, 2007) p086
- A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests (Miller, Chambliss, & Lowenstein, 2010) p038
- Invasive Exotic Plants of North Carolina (Smith, 2008) p070
- New Invaders of the Northeast and Northcentral US (Rawlins et al., 2018) p069
- Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast (Foote & Jones, 1989) p120
- Trees of the Southeastern United States (Duncan & Duncan, 1988) p096
- Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004) p192
If a search such as "Carex leptalea var. leptalea" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "Carex leptalea".
Or, to minimize chances of a misspelling, try just "Carex le".
Less is more: If "pencil flower" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "pencil".