Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 24 taxa in the family Oleaceae, Olive family, as understood by Weakley's Flora.

            Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on one takes you to more information and/or pictures.

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camera icon Common Name: Carolina Ash, Water Ash, Pop Ash
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Fraxinus caroliniana   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Fraxinus caroliniana   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Fraxinus caroliniana 153-01-001   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in deeply to shallowly flooded swamps. It's a small tree, sometimes very abundant (and nearly the only subcanopy species) as the understory in Taxodium-Nyssa swamps

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: White Ash, American Ash
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Fraxinus americana   FAMILY: Oleaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Fraxinus americana   FAMILY: Oleaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Fraxinus americana var. americana 153-01-002a   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it on mesic slopes, in rich cove forests, dryish calcareous or mafic glades & woodlands (with Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana and Carya glabra)

Common (rare in Coastal Plain of GA, NC, SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Biltmore Ash, Biltmore White Ash
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Fraxinus biltmoreana   FAMILY: Oleaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Fraxinus americana   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Fraxinus americana var. biltmoreana 153-01-002b   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it on mesic slopes, in rich cove forests, dryish calcareous or mafic glades & woodlands (with Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana and Carya glabra)

Common (rare in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Fraxinus profunda, Pumpkin Ash need picture of leaf or frond of Fraxinus profunda, Pumpkin Ash need picture of flower of Fraxinus profunda, Pumpkin Ash need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Fraxinus profunda, Pumpkin Ash need picture of fruit of Fraxinus profunda, Pumpkin Ash
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Common Name: Pumpkin Ash
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Fraxinus profunda   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Fraxinus profunda   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Fraxinus tomentosa 153-01-003   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in swamps, esp along blackwater rivers & streams & in freshwater tidal wetlands, also in brownwater bottomlands

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Green Ash, Red Ash
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Fraxinus pennsylvanica   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Fraxinus pennsylvanica   FAMILY: Oleaceae
INCLUDING Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Fraxinus pennsylvanica + 153-01-004   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in bottomlands & swamps, esp along brownwater rivers & streams

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Blue Ash
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Fraxinus quadrangulata   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Fraxinus quadrangulata   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in mesic to dry calcareous woodlands & forests

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Swamp-privet
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Forestiera acuminata   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Forestiera acuminata   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Forestiera acuminata 153-02-001   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in swamp forests, esp over calcareous substrate

Uncommon

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Godfrey's Forestiera
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Forestiera godfreyi   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Forestiera godfreyi   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it on shell middens, in maritime forests over shell substrate

Rare

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Upland Swamp Privet, Southern-privet, Glade Privet, Upland Privet
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Forestiera ligustrina   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Forestiera ligustrina   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in upland forests and slopes along streams, mostly on shell middens or calcareous rock

Uncommon in GA, rare in SC

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Florida-privet
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Forestiera segregata var. segregata   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Forestiera segregata var. segregata   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in calcareous scrub, shell middens, maritime forests and thickets

Rare

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Fringetree, Grancy Graybeard, Old Man's Beard, Grandsir-graybeard
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Chionanthus virginicus   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chionanthus virginicus   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Chionanthus virginicus 153-03-001   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in dry, mesic, or wet forests & woodlands, granitic flatrocks & domes, glades & barrens over various rocks (including granite, greenstone, etc.), swamp forests in the Coastal Plain, rarely pocosins

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Devilwood, Wild Olive
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Cartrema americanum   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Osmanthus americanus var. americanus   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Osmanthus americana 153-04-001   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in maritime forests and (in FL, GA, SC, and extreme s. NC) hammocks and other dry, sandy forests well inland; reported southwards for wet habitats as well

Common in GA & SC (uncommon in NC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Fragrant Tea Olive
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) -   FAMILY: Oleaceae
PLANTS National Database: Osmanthus fragrans   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Non-native

 


need drawing of Ligustrum obtusifolium var. suave, Amur Privet need picture of leaf or frond of Ligustrum obtusifolium var. suave, Amur Privet need picture of flower of Ligustrum obtusifolium var. suave, Amur Privet need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Ligustrum obtusifolium var. suave, Amur Privet need picture of fruit of Ligustrum obtusifolium var. suave, Amur Privet
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camera icon Common Name: Amur Privet
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Ligustrum obtusifolium var. suave   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ligustrum amurense   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ligustrum amurense 153-05-001   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed places

Rare

Non-native: Japan

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Japanese Privet
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ligustrum japonicum   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ligustrum japonicum   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ligustrum japonicum 153-05-002   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed places

Rare

Non-native: Japan & Korea

 


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camera icon Common Name: California Privet
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ligustrum ovalifolium   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ligustrum ovalifolium   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ligustrum ovalifolium 153-05-003   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed places

Rare

Non-native: Japan

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Chinese Privet
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ligustrum sinense   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ligustrum sinense   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ligustrum sinense 153-05-004   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests, esp alluvial bottomlands

Common

Non-native: China

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Glossy Privet, Broadleaf Privet
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ligustrum lucidum   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ligustrum lucidum   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed places

Rare

Non-native: China, Japan & Korea

 


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camera icon Common Name: Border Privet
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Ligustrum obtusifolium var. obtusifolium   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ligustrum obtusifolium   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed places

Rare

Non-native: Japan

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: European Privet, Common Privet
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ligustrum vulgare   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ligustrum vulgare   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed places

Common (rare in NC)

Non-native: Europe & northern Africa

 


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Common Name: Weeping Forsythia
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Forsythia suspensa   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Forsythia suspensa   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in waste places, vacant lots, suburban woodlands

Rare, commonly planted and persistent, rarely escaping

Non-native: China

 


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Common Name: Greenstem Forsythia
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Forsythia viridissima   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Forsythia viridissima   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it in waste places, vacant lots, suburban woodlands

Rare, commonly planted and persistent, rarely escaping

Non-native: China

 


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camera icon Common Name: Winter Jasmine
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Jasminum nudiflorum   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Jasminum nudiflorum   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it to be cultivated and rarely persistent or spreading

Rare

Non-native: China

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Lilac, French Lilac
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Syringa vulgaris   FAMILY: Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Syringa vulgaris   FAMILY: Oleaceae

 

Look for it to be persistent and naturalizing around old farms

Rare

Non-native: Europe

 


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"Purple (botanically speaking) is a dreadfully abused term which is made to stand for half the rainbow; it means anything from crimson to violet." — F. Schuyler Mathews, Fieldbook of American Wild Flowers