Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


84

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in a wide variety of habitats, usually rather dry, such as sandhills, glades, cliffs, & rock outcrops, in the Piedmont in woodlands, former prairie-like sites, open forests, & river-scour grasslands, in the Mountains in glades, riverside scour areas, & rarely in grassy balds, ascending to at least 1600m over mafic rocks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal & alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Raceme (2-5 per peduncle)

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Grain purplish/Yellowish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Andropogon gerardii   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Andropogon gerardii   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-87-002:
Andropogon gerardii   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Andropogon gerardii

 

COMMON NAME:
Big Bluestem, Turkeyfoot


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Andropogon gerardii

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_ange_006_lvd

        

image of Andropogon gerardii

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_ange_009_lvd

        

image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    jkm0506h_28

June    Oconee County    SC

Plant bluish-green, tufted, erect, often glaucous. Lf blades ~ 0.2-0.4" wide, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    jkm160717_348

July    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

Grass flowers usually w 2 lodicules, 3 stamens, ovary w 2 feathery stigmas, per How to Know the Grasses by R.W. Pohl.

image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    jkm160717_350

July    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

The once-endless tallgrass prairie with majestic big bluestem is past, per Book of Field and Roadside.

image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    jkm0408k_26b

August    Oconee County    SC

image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    jkm0408k_36

August    Oconee County    SC

Isolated stands exist today mainly along railroads, fencerows and roadsides, per Book of Field and Roadside.

image of Andropogon gerardii

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_andropogon_gerardii_3

August        

Racemes on long-exserted terminal peduncle mostly 3-6, fewer on branches, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    s050917_c

September    Cabarrus County    NC

Suther Prairie

Flowering raceme has 3 branches arising from a common point (the Turkeyfoot), per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    s050917_d

September    Cabarrus County    NC

Suther Prairie

Bristles (awns) that project from the flowers are sharply bent, per Book of Field and Roadside.

image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    jkm111029_122

October    Pickens County    SC

image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    jkm0311a_23

November    Pickens County    SC

Roadside

Purplish seedhead a narrow cluster of linear raceme resembling a turkeyfoot, per Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee.