Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


84

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in a wide variety of habitats, usually rather dry, such as sandhills, glades, cliffs, & rock outcrops, in the Piedmont in woodlands, former prairie-like sites, open forests, & river-scour grasslands, in the Mountains in glades, riverside scour areas, & rarely in grassy balds, ascending to at least 1600m over mafic rocks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal & alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Raceme (2-5 per peduncle)

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Grain purplish/Yellowish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Andropogon gerardii   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Andropogon gerardii   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-87-002:
Andropogon gerardii   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Andropogon gerardii

 

COMMON NAME:
Big Bluestem, Turkeyfoot


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Andropogon gerardii, image of Andropogon gerardii

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_ange_006_lvd

        

picture of Andropogon gerardii, image of Andropogon gerardii

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_ange_009_lvd

        

picture of Andropogon gerardii, image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    jkm0506h_28

June    Oconee County    SC

Plant bluish-green, tufted, erect, often glaucous. Lf blades ~ 0.2-0.4" wide, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

picture of Andropogon gerardii, image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    jkm160717_348

July    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

Grass flowers usually w 2 lodicules, 3 stamens, ovary w 2 feathery stigmas, per How to Know the Grasses by R.W. Pohl.

picture of Andropogon gerardii, image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    jkm160717_350

July    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

The once-endless tallgrass prairie with majestic big bluestem is past, per Book of Field and Roadside.

picture of Andropogon gerardii, image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    jkm0408k_26b

August    Oconee County    SC

picture of Andropogon gerardii, image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    jkm0408k_36

August    Oconee County    SC

Isolated stands exist today mainly along railroads, fencerows and roadsides, per Book of Field and Roadside.

picture of Andropogon gerardii, image of Andropogon gerardii

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_andropogon_gerardii_3

August        

Racemes on long-exserted terminal peduncle mostly 3-6, fewer on branches, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

picture of Andropogon gerardii, image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    s050917_c

September    Cabarrus County    NC

Suther Prairie

Flowering raceme has 3 branches arising from a common point (the Turkeyfoot), per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

picture of Andropogon gerardii, image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    s050917_d

September    Cabarrus County    NC

Suther Prairie

Bristles (awns) that project from the flowers are sharply bent, per Book of Field and Roadside.

picture of Andropogon gerardii, image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    jkm111029_122

October    Pickens County    SC

picture of Andropogon gerardii, image of Andropogon gerardii

JK Marlow    jkm0311a_23

November    Pickens County    SC

Roadside

Purplish seedhead a narrow cluster of linear raceme resembling a turkeyfoot, per Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee.