Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


907

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in GA Coastal Plain)

Look for it in bogs, moist forested slopes, in the Sandhills in longleaf-oak-hickory forests, often rooted in moss, per Weakley's Flora

map
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LEAVES:
Simple
A solitary stem leaf

FLOWER:
Summer
Green/ Greenish
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
3 petals, the two lateral similar and a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
Inferior ovary
Flowers in a terminal raceme

FRUIT:
Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Malaxis unifolia   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Malaxis unifolia   FAMILY Orchidaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 049-14-002:
Malaxis unifolia   FAMILY Orchidaceae

LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Malaxis unifolia

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Malaxis unifolia

 

COMMON NAME:
Green Adder's-mouth Orchid


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Malaxis unifolia

Keith Bradley    kab_malaxis_unifolia_6215

May    Richland County    SC

Congaree National Park

Many flowers in a terminal raceme, the upper part densely packed, per Wildflowers of the Sandhills Region.

image of Malaxis unifolia

Keith Bradley    kab_malaxis_unifolia_6225

May    Richland County    SC

Congaree National Park

Flowers arranged in a spiral, each < 1/8" wide and with a toothed lip, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Malaxis unifolia

Keith Bradley    kab_malaxis_unifolia_6256

May    Richland County    SC

Congaree National Park

There is only one leaf, midway up the stem, broadly ovate to roundish, per Wildflowers of the Sandhills Region.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE Adder's Mouth and Adder's Tongue

image of Malaxis unifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0508b_27

August    Transylvania County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District