Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


919

Herbaceous vine
Perennial
Has milky sap (latex)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Piedmont & GA Mountains (rare elesewhere in GA-NC-SC)

Look for it in moist to dry, nutrient-rich forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Usually opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Maroon (rarely yellow)
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5-merous
5-lobed rotate corolla
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Follicle

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Gentianales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Matelea carolinensis   FAMILY Apocynaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Matelea carolinensis   FAMILY Asclepiadaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 157-03-005:
Matelea carolinensis   FAMILY Asclepiadaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Gonolobus carolinensis

 

COMMON NAME:
Carolina Spinypod, Climbing Milkweed, Climbing Milkvine


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Matelea carolinensis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_vica9_001_lvd

        

image of Matelea carolinensis

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmcarolinensis_761

May        

image of Matelea carolinensis

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmcarolinensis_762c

May        

Calyx lobes pubescent, 2-3mm long. Buds short-ovoid, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Matelea carolinensis

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmcarolinensis_glass1

May    Pickens County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve

There are 5 species of Matelea in SC, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Matelea carolinensis

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmcarolinensis_glass2

May    Pickens County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve

Corolla dark maroon (rarely maroon-yellow or yellow), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Matelea carolinensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_m_carolinensis_3

May        

Paired corona appendages always higher than the alternating corona lobes, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Matelea carolinensis

JK Marlow    jkm0506m_10

June    Union County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

Leaves ovate, with acuminate apices & cordate or sagittate bases, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Matelea carolinensis

JK Marlow    jkm080608_027b

June    Greenville County    SC

Corolla not reticulate with darker veins, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Matelea carolinensis

Wesley Burnett    gwb919_1508

June?    Oconee County    SC

image of Matelea carolinensis

Wesley Burnett    gwb919_1510

June?    Oconee County    SC

Corolla lobes are ovate-rounded & 2-2.5x as long as wide, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE Anglepod and Spinypod (Climbing Milkweed)

image of Matelea carolinensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_matelea_carolinensisa

July        

Corolla lobes in a horizontal plane or slightly reflexed, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Matelea carolinensis

JK Marlow    jkm080914_042

September    Greenville County    SC

Field

image of Matelea carolinensis

JK Marlow    jkm080914_053

September    Greenville County    SC

Field

Follicles muricate, usually 9-11cm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Matelea carolinensis

JK Marlow    s080914_e

September    Greenville County    SC

Field

image of Matelea carolinensis

Bill Stringer    wcs071020_016

October    Pickens County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve

The surface of the follicle is roughened by pointed spines, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Matelea carolinensis

Bill Stringer    wcs071020_017

October    Pickens County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve

Pods are sharply spiny, from 4 to 6" long, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.