Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


941

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas
Documented growing wild in - NC SC

Common

Look for it in mesic, forested slopes, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite
Leaves have petioles.

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Pinkish or greenish-white
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-toothed calyx
2-lipped tubular corolla
2 exserted stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Monarda clinopodia   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Monarda clinopodia   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 164-23-002:
Monarda clinopodia   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Monarda fistulosa var. clinopodia

 

COMMON NAME:
Basil Bergamot, Basil Balm


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Monarda clinopodia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_mocl_001_lvd

        

image of Monarda clinopodia

JK Marlow    jkm140627_468

June    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

Upper lip narrow and erect, with no hairs at its tip. Flowers fragrant, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Monarda clinopodia

JK Marlow    jkm140627_468b

June    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

Orifice of the calyx glabrous to slightly hirsute with a few long hairs, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Monarda clinopodia

JK Marlow    jkm140627_468c

June    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

Lower lip spotted with purple, upper lip without hairs, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Monarda clinopodia

JK Marlow    jkm140627_472

June    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

Leaves ovate with shallowly toothed margins and acuminate tips, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Monarda clinopodia

JK Marlow    jkm140627_477

June    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

image of Monarda clinopodia

JK Marlow    jkm140627_486

June    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

image of Monarda clinopodia

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmclinopodia_lec

June        

image of Monarda clinopodia

JK Marlow    jkm160702_142

July    Jackson County    NC

image of Monarda clinopodia

Keith Bradley    kab_m_clinopodia_1549

July    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Monarda clinopodia

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmclinopodia_rm1

July-August?        NC-TN

The Roan Highlands

Outer subtending bracts green or pale (rarely with a purplish midvein), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Monarda clinopodia

Gill Newberry    gn08_m_clinopodia_inf

August        

image of Monarda clinopodia

JK Marlow    jkm060805_314

August    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway