OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Monarda clinopodia   FAMILY Lamiaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Monarda clinopodia   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 164-23-002:

Monarda clinopodia   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH A review of the genus Monarda (Labiatae) (McClintock & Epling, 1942)

Monarda clinopodia

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)

Monarda clinopodia

SYNONYMOUS WITH -

Monarda fistulosa var. clinopodia

 

COMMON NAME:
Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_mocl_001_lvd

        

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

JK Marlow    jkm140627_468b

June    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

JK Marlow    jkm140627_468c

June    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

Lower lip spotted with purple, upper lip without hairs, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC (Porcher & Rayner, 2001).

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

JK Marlow    jkm140627_472

June    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

Leaves ovate with shallowly toothed margins and acuminate tips, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians (Horn, Cathcart, Hemmerly, & Duhl, 2005).

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

JK Marlow    jkm140627_477

June    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

JK Marlow    jkm140627_486

June    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

JK Marlow    jkm230606_3807

June    Pickens County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve

Orifice of the calyx glabrous to slightly hirsute with a few long hairs, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

JK Marlow    jkm230606_3814

June    Pickens County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

JK Marlow    jkm190719_9923

July    Transylvania County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

JK Marlow    jkm220701_8806

July    Greenville County    SC

Tall Pines Wildlife Management Area

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

JK Marlow    jkm220701_8807

July    Greenville County    SC

Tall Pines Wildlife Management Area

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

JK Marlow    jkm220701_8812

July    Greenville County    SC

Tall Pines Wildlife Management Area

Upper lip narrow and erect, with no hairs at its tip. Flowers fragrant, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians (Horn, Cathcart, Hemmerly, & Duhl, 2005).

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

Keith Bradley    kab_m_clinopodia_1549

July    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmclinopodia_rm1

July-August?        NC-TN

The Roan Highlands

Outer subtending bracts green or pale (rarely with a purplish midvein), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

Gill Newberry    gn08_m_clinopodia_inf

August        

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

JK Marlow    jkm060805_314

August    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

JK Marlow    jkm211106_4775

November    Pickens County    SC

Palmetto Trail

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

JK Marlow    jkm211106_4777

November    Pickens County    SC

Palmetto Trail

image of Monarda clinopodia, Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm, White Bergamot, Basil Balm

JK Marlow    jkm211106_4778

November    Pickens County    SC

Palmetto Trail

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Monarda clinopodia   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Monarda clinopodia   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 164-23-002:
Monarda clinopodia   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH A review of the genus Monarda (Labiatae) (McClintock & Epling, 1942)
Monarda clinopodia

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Monarda clinopodia

SYNONYMOUS WITH -
Monarda fistulosa var. clinopodia

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

941

Forb
Perennial

Habitat: Mesic, forested slopes, per Weakley's Flora

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common in Carolina Mountains, uncommon in GA Mountains, rare in Piedmont

map
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite
Leaves have petioles.

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Pinkish or greenish-white
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-toothed calyx
2-lipped tubular corolla
2 exserted stamens
Superior ovary
Bisexual

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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