Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


943

Forb
Perennial

Native
Documented growing wild in (GA) NC SC

To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite
Leaves have petioles.

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Pink/Lavender/Purple
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-toothed calyx
2-lipped tubular corolla
2 exserted stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Monarda fistulosa +   FAMILY Lamiaceae

PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Monarda fistulosa +   FAMILY Lamiaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 164-23-003:
Monarda fistulosa   FAMILY Lamiaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Wild Bergamot


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Monarda fistulosa +

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_m_fistulosa

June        

Outer bracts green or reddish, depending on variety, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Monarda fistulosa +

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_monarda_fistulosa_1

June        

image of Monarda fistulosa +

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_monarda_fistulosa_1b

June        

image of Monarda fistulosa +

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_monarda_fistulosa_1c

June        

A tuft of hairs at tip of the upper lip sets this apart from other Monarda, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Monarda fistulosa +

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_monarda_fistulosa_1d

June        

image of Monarda fistulosa +

Gill Newberry    gn07_monarda_fistulosa

July        

image of Monarda fistulosa +

JK Marlow    jkm080726_129

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Monarda fistulosa +

JK Marlow    jkm080729_042

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Bergamot's chief pollinators are bumblebees and butterflies, per Book of Field and Roadside.

image of Monarda fistulosa +

JK Marlow    jkm080729_048

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Each floret is bisexual, its color attracting long-tongued pollinators, per Book of Field and Roadside.

image of Monarda fistulosa +

Keith Bradley    kab_m_fistulosa_1061

July    Buncombe County    NC

North Carolina Arboretum

image of Monarda fistulosa +

JK Marlow    s080729_b

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Leaves deltoid-lanceolate, base slightly tapered to truncate, ~ serrate, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Monarda fistulosa +

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmfistulosa_1

July-August        

Pollinator at work.

image of Monarda fistulosa +

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmfistulosa_3

July-August?        

Florets develop progressively from center of cyme outward, per Book of Field and Roadside.

image of Monarda fistulosa +

Gill Newberry    gn08_m_fistulosa_headlike

August        

The final stage is a bald central cyme ringed by a fringe of florets, per Book of Field and Roadside.

image of Monarda fistulosa +

Gill Newberry    gn08_m_fistulose_tope_of2

August        

Orifice of the calyx densely hirsute with numerous erect, stiff, white hairs, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Monarda fistulosa +

Gill Newberry    gn08_springjuly302007_162

August        

Pollinator at work.

image of Monarda fistulosa +

JK Marlow    jkm060805_075

August    Haywood County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park