Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


977

Tree
Perennial
Dioecious or polygamo-dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in dry or mesic upland forests, less commonly in bottomlands, pine savannas, or upland deressions, where occasionally inundated briefly, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Mostly unisexual
5 sepals
5-10 petals or petals absent

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Blue
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Cornales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Nyssa sylvatica   FAMILY Nyssaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Nyssa sylvatica   FAMILY Cornaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 141-01-001a:
Nyssa sylvatica var. sylvatica   FAMILY Nyssaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Blackgum, Black Tupelo, Sour Gum


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Nyssa sylvatica

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_nysy_001_lvd

        

image of Nyssa sylvatica

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_nysy_004_lvd

        

image of Nyssa sylvatica

JK Marlow    jkm090321_073

March    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

image of Nyssa sylvatica

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmnsylvatica_home1

April    Anderson County    SC

Staminate flowers borne in clusters at the ends of stalks, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Nyssa sylvatica

JK Marlow    jkm0205d_05

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Nyssa sylvatica

JK Marlow    jkm0305a_25

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Nyssa sylvatica

JK Marlow    jkm0405t_10

May    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Nyssa sylvatica

JK Marlow    jkm060521_152

May    Macon County    NC

Highlands Biological Station

Bark is typically made up of blocky ridges, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Nyssa sylvatica

JK Marlow    jkm130513_963

May    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Nyssa sylvatica

Keith Bradley    kab_n_sylvatica_syl_73657

May    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock State Park

image of Nyssa sylvatica

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmnsylvatica_bjo

May        

image of Nyssa sylvatica

JK Marlow    jkm150621_359

June    Jackson County    NC

Foothills Trail

image of Nyssa sylvatica

JK Marlow    jkm120703_393

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Nyssa sylvatica

JK Marlow    jkm130726_468

July    Greenville County    SC

Leaves vary in texture, size and shape, sometimes w one or more large teeth, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Blackgum and Persimmon

image of Nyssa sylvatica

JK Marlow    jkm0409e_24

September    Greenville County    SC

Often a few leaves on any tree turning prematurely in July or August, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Nyssa sylvatica

Ron Lance    rwl_nyssasylvatica2

September    Oconee County    SC

Fruit a blue-black drupe borne singly or in pairs on a long stalk, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Nyssa sylvatica

JK Marlow    s040915_a

September    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

Its bright red leaves are among the most brilliant in the fall forest, per Fall Color & Woodland Harvests.

image of Nyssa sylvatica

JK Marlow    s040915_b

September    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

Leaves pliable, typically widest near middle, the apex typically acuminate, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Nyssa sylvatica

Will Stuart    wil_8048540147_28d047dcf7

October    Mecklenburg County    NC

image of Nyssa sylvatica

JK Marlow    jkm0411a_03

November    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

image of Nyssa sylvatica

Ron Lance    rwl_nyssa_sylvatica

November    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve