Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


319

Shrub; Tree
Perennial
Dioecious or polygamous

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in dry, mesic, or wet forests & woodlands, granitic flatrocks & domes, glades & barrens over various rocks (including granite, greenstone, etc.), swamp forests in the Coastal Plain, rarely pocosins, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring
White
Bisexual or functionally unisexual
Radially symmetrical
4-merous
4 sepals
4 petals

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Blue
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Chionanthus virginicus   FAMILY Oleaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Chionanthus virginicus   FAMILY Oleaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 153-03-001:
Chionanthus virginicus   FAMILY Oleaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Fringetree, Grancy Graybeard, Old Man's Beard, Grandsir-graybeard


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Chionanthus virginicus

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_chvi3_001_lvd

        

image of Chionanthus virginicus

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / US Forest Service    pnd_chvi3_009_lvd

        

image of Chionanthus virginicus

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_chvi3_012_lvd

        

image of Chionanthus virginicus

Gill Newberry    gn04_c_at_river_edge

April        

image of Chionanthus virginicus

Gill Newberry    gn04_chioanthus_flowers

April        

Four sepals, each 1-2mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm0204v_09a

April    Greenville County    SC

A traditional southern yard plant, often used as a "specimen plant", per Weakley's Flora.

image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm0404k_34

April    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

image of Chionanthus virginicus

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_virginicus_5

April        

The flowers have unmistakable, creamy-white, 0.75-1.25" strap-shaped petals, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Chionanthus virginicus

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_virginicus_male_1

April        

image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm180506_2003

May    Crawford County    GA

Each panicle w tripartite branching & sometimes pairs of small leafy bracts, per www.illinoiswildflowers.info.

image of Chionanthus virginicus

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_virginicus_fringe_2

May        

image of Chionanthus virginicus

Ron Lance    rwl319_a

May        

Large drooping clusters of small fragrant flowers with 4 linear white petals, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm0407b_18

July    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm0407b_19

July    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm120804_259

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Pistillate plants produce oval, purplish drupes to 2cm long, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm120804_261

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    s080919_a

September    Greenville County    SC

Leaves elliptic or obovate, leaf base cuneate to attenuate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm101120_272

November    Greenville County    SC

image of Chionanthus virginicus

JK Marlow    jkm101120_277

November    Greenville County    SC

Bark is gray, mostly smooth, but marked by numerous raised lenticels, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.