Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


578

Tree
Perennial
Usually dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Coastal Plain of GA, NC, SC)

Look for it on mesic slopes, in rich cove forests, dryish calcareous or mafic glades & woodlands (with Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana and Carya glabra), per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Odd-pinnately compound: 5-7(9) leaflets
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring
Usually unisexual
Radially symmetrical
4-merous
Synsepalous calyx, lobes obsolete or nearly so
Petals absent

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Samara

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Fraxinus americana   FAMILY Oleaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Fraxinus americana   FAMILY Oleaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 153-01-002a:
Fraxinus americana var. americana   FAMILY Oleaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Fraxinus americana

 

COMMON NAME:
White Ash, American Ash


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Fraxinus americana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_fram2_001_lvd

        

image of Fraxinus americana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_fram2_005_lvd

        

image of Fraxinus americana

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmfamericana_flwrand1

April    Anderson County    SC

image of Fraxinus americana

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmfamericana_flwrand4

April    Anderson County    SC

Flowers purplish, 1/4" long, in compound clusters on previous year's growth, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Fraxinus americana

JK Marlow    jkm110511_434

May    Edgefield County    SC

image of Fraxinus americana

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmfamericana_malefar2

May    Lancaster County    SC

Forty Acre Rock

Many trees have only male flowers and never produce fruits, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Fraxinus americana

JK Marlow    s040517_ab

May    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Leaves with 7, sometimes 9, leaflets, pale beneath, often slightly hairy, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Fraxinus americana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_f_americana_6_13_06_2

June        

image of Fraxinus americana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_fraxinus_americana

June        

image of Fraxinus americana

Gill Newberry    gn07_fracinus_americana

July        

image of Fraxinus americana

JK Marlow    jkm120728_052

July    Abbeville County    SC

Parson's Mountain Recreation Area

Top margin of leaf scar deeply notched (1/3 to 1/2 of total depth), per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaf scars of Ash species

image of Fraxinus americana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_fraxinus_americana_c

July        

Samara 1-2" long; terminal wing scarcely extends down side of fruit body, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE samaras of Ash species

image of Fraxinus americana

Ron Lance    rwl_famericana

July    Jackson County    NC

image of Fraxinus americana

JK Marlow    jkm111008_832

October    Jackson County    NC

Balsam Mountain Preserve

Bark gray, furrowed, with elongated ridges, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Fraxinus americana

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmfamericana_home2

Month Unknown    Anderson County    SC

Twigs, petioles, petiolules, and rachises glabrous, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Fraxinus americana

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmfamericana_home3

Month Unknown    Anderson County    SC

Samaras winged terminally (vs. Green Ash: wings partway along fruit sides), per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.