Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
Check out EDDMapS.org to see where this has been reported.
Read more about Chinese Privet at Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 153-05-004:
Ligustrum sinense FAMILY Oleaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Chinese Privet, "privy hedge"
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
Roxanna Martin rlm42911_251
April Spartanburg County SC
Stamens extend from the four-lobed corolla, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests (Miller, 2003).
Gill Newberry gn05_l_sinense_at_road_ed
Often forms dense stands, to the detriment of native understory vegetation, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004).
JK Marlow jkm080515_036
May Greenville County SC
Thicket-forming shrubs to 30' in height, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests (Miller, 2003).
JK Marlow jkm210513_0311
May Oconee County SC
Boone's Creek Preserve
Panicles terminal, many on short lateral branches, pedunculate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).
JK Marlow jkm130709_408
July Greenville County SC
Colonizing by root sprouts & spread widely by bird & animal dispersed seeds, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests (Miller, Chambliss, & Lowenstein, 2010).
Stephanie C. Brundage scb_082521blairsville101
August Union County GA
Meeks Park Disc Golf Course
Leaves ovate to elliptic, opposite in 2 rows at nearly right angles to the stem, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests (Miller, 2003).
JK Marlow jkm201022_7894
October Greenville County SC
"I would rank it a noxious weed, esp in southern states", says Michael Dirr, per Manual of Woody Landscape Plants (Dirr, 1975+).
JK Marlow jkm151113_762
November McCormick County SC
Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District
It thrives in heavy shade and full sun and forms impenetrable thickets, per Manual of Woody Landscape Plants (Dirr, 1975+).
JK Marlow jkm071208_008
December Greenville County SC
Lake Conestee Nature Park
One of the most noxious of our weeds, choking out native vegetation, per Weakley's Flora.
Roxanna Martin rlm12510_24
December Spartanburg County SC
Dense ovoid drupes hanging or projecting outward, containing 1-4 seeds, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests (Miller, 2003).
Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:
- Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
- Brooklyn Botanic Garden
- Forest Health Assessment & Applied Sciences Team: New Invaders of the Northeast
- Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
- Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
- NC Botanical Garden
- NC Department of Transportation
- SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
- SC Native Plant Society
- Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
- US Fish & Wildlife Service
- US Forest Service Southern Research Station
- Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014
Opposite, or rarely alternate
Synsepalous calyx, lobes minute
4-lobed campanulate corolla
Inflorescence a many-flowered terminal panicle
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses (Miller & Miller, 2005) p360
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC, 1st ed. (Porcher & Rayner, 2001) p407
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC, 2nd ed. (McMillan, Porcher, Rayner, & White; 2022) p520
- Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control (Kaufman & Kaufman, 2007) p086
- A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests (Miller, Chambliss, & Lowenstein, 2010) p034
- Invasive Exotic Plants of North Carolina (Smith, 2008) p020
- New Invaders of the Northeast and Northcentral US (Rawlins et al., 2018) p069
- Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast (Foote & Jones, 1989) p120
- Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007) p350
- Guide to the Plants of Granite Outcrops (Murdy & Carter, 2000) p33
- Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Georgia (Chafin, 2007) p143
- Trees of the Southeastern United States (Duncan & Duncan, 1988) p097
- Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance) p19
- Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont (Spira, 2011) p292
- Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004) p192
- Wildflowers of the Sandhills Region (Sorrie, 2011) p245
If a search such as "Carex leptalea var. leptalea" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "Carex leptalea".
Or, to minimize chances of a misspelling, try just "Carex le".
Less is more: If "pencil flower" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "pencil".