Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2298

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas
Documented growing wild in - NC SC

Rare

Look for it in wet longleaf pine, pond pine, or pond cypress savannas (esp but not strictly where shallowly underlain by coquina limestone), sandhill seepage bogs, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Wet

LEAVES:
Simple
Mostly basal

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens & 5 staminodia
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Celastrales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Parnassia caroliniana   FAMILY Parnassiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Parnassia caroliniana   FAMILY Saxifragaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 094-06-002:
Parnassia caroliniana   FAMILY Saxifragaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Carolina Grass-of-Parnassus, Savanna Parnassia, Eyebright


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Parnassia caroliniana

Jim Fowler    jafparnassiacaroliniana01

November    Brunswick County    NC

Green Swamp

Main parallel veins usually not dilated toward apex; outermost vein branching, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Parnassia caroliniana

Jim Fowler    jafparnassiacaroliniana03

November    Brunswick County    NC

Green Swamp

Midway between petal base & apex, (9)11-17 main parallel veins; ovary white, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Parnassia caroliniana

JK Marlow    jkm151121_027

November    Mecklenburg County    NC

UNCC McMillan Greenhouse

image of Parnassia caroliniana

JK Marlow    jkm151121_030

November    Mecklenburg County    NC

UNCC McMillan Greenhouse

Leaves nearly all basal, broadly ovate; 1-2 smaller leaves on flower stems, per Wildflowers of the Sandhills Region.

image of Parnassia caroliniana

JK Marlow    jkm151121_033

November    Mecklenburg County    NC

UNCC McMillan Greenhouse

Flowers grow singly atop stems 8-20" tall, per Wildflowers of the Sandhills Region.

image of Parnassia caroliniana

JK Marlow    jkm151121_044

November    Mecklenburg County    NC

UNCC McMillan Greenhouse

The creamy white ovary turns brown with age, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.