Carolinas and Georgia

1081

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Gymnosperms (non-flowering plants): Conifers: Pinales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Picea rubens   FAMILY Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Picea rubens   FAMILY Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 016-02-001:
Picea rubens   FAMILY Pinaceae

COMMON NAME:
Red Spruce, He Balsam


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Look for it . It is common to dominant in spruce and spruce-fir forests at high elevations, scattered in , heath balds, boulderfield forests, ridges, and rarely coves, also in bogs or swampy forests at lower elevations (down to about 1000m), ranging in moisture tolerance from dry ridges (though these are often fog-bathed) to saturated peats. Also sometimes planted and naturalized, per Weakley's Flora

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to North Carolina
Documented growing wild in - NC -

Uncommon

 

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Leaves needle-like, 4-sided, to 5/8" long
Needles not in bundles, arranged on all sides of twig (less dense below)

"FLOWER":
Spring/Summer
Unisexual

FRUIT:
Fall
Cone

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Picea rubens   FAMILY Pinaceae

Red Spruce, He Balsam