Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 22 taxa in the family Pinaceae, Pine family, as understood by Weakley's Flora.

            Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on one takes you to more information and/or pictures.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Eastern White Pine
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Pinus strobus   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pinus strobus   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Pinus strobus 016-01-001   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it in moist to dry forests, bottomlands, dry, rocky ridges in humid gorges

Common (rare in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Longleaf Pine, Georgia Pine, Southern Pine
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Pinus palustris   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pinus palustris   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Pinus palustris 016-01-002   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it formerly throughout the Coastal Plain, Sandhills & lower Piedmont, on a wide variety of soils (sandy, loamy, clayey, or peaty) from very dry to very wet conditions, in savannas, woodlands, & forests affected by relatively frequent natural (lightning-caused) fires (likely augmented by native Americans), now reduced to less than a tenth of its former abundance by a variety of forces, including turpentining, timbering, free-range hogs, fire suppression, and "site conversion" by foresters to other trees

Formerly widespread, now rare (but common locally), endemic to SE Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


need drawing of Pinus elliottii var. elliottii, Slash Pine need picture of leaf or frond of Pinus elliottii var. elliottii, Slash Pine need picture of flower of Pinus elliottii var. elliottii, Slash Pine need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Pinus elliottii var. elliottii, Slash Pine need picture of fruit of Pinus elliottii var. elliottii, Slash Pine
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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Slash Pine
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Pinus elliottii var. elliottii   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pinus elliottii var. elliottii   FAMILY: Pinaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Pinus elliottii 016-01-003   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it . It is native in wet pine flatwoods and maritime forests of GA & SC, and extensively planted in GA, SC & NC in silvicultural plantations on a wide variety of soils, many of them unsuitable for its successful growth

Common

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Loblolly Pine, Old Field Pine
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Pinus taeda   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pinus taeda   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Pinus taeda 016-01-004   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it in forests, fields, pine plantations

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pond Pine, Pocosin Pine, Marsh Pine
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Pinus serotina   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pinus serotina   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Pinus serotina 016-01-005   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it in peaty soils of pocosins, swamps of small blackwater streams

Common (rare in Piedmont), endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pitch Pine
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Pinus rigida   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pinus rigida   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Pinus rigida 016-01-006   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it primarily on dry ridges, more or less requiring fire for its reproduction, less commonly in peat soils of mountain bogs (and then often at elevations of 800-1000m) and also scattered through a variety of forest types

Common in NC Mountains, rare in Coastal Plain, uncommon elsewhere in GA-NC-SC

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Table Mountain Pine, Burr Pine, Hickory Pine
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Pinus pungens   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pinus pungens   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Pinus pungens 016-01-007   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it on dry ridges, cliffs, shale barrens, occurring at least up to 1550m. Usually requiring fire for its reproduction

Common (rare in Piedmont), endemic to the Central & Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Pinus echinata   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pinus echinata   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Pinus echinata 016-01-008   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it on dry rocky ridges & slopes, sandhills, old fields, forests, generally in rather xeric sites, but also occurring in mesic to even wet sites

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Spruce Pine, Walter's Pine
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Pinus glabra   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pinus glabra   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Pinus glabra 016-01-009   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it in bottomland forests, rich moist soils

Common (uncommon in SC, rare in Piedmont)

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Virginia Pine, Scrub Pine, Jersey Pine
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Pinus virginiana   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pinus virginiana   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Pinus virginiana 016-01-010   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it in dry forests & woodlands, esp on slopes & ridges, also common in certain areas as a weedy successional tree on nearly any kind of site

Common (rare in Coastal Plain), endemic to Central & Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


need drawing of Pinus clausa, Sand Pine need picture of leaf or frond of Pinus clausa, Sand Pine need picture of flower of Pinus clausa, Sand Pine need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Pinus clausa, Sand Pine need picture of fruit of Pinus clausa, Sand Pine
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camera icon Common Name: Sand Pine
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Pinus clausa   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pinus clausa   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it in Florida scrub, and dry sands where planted outside of its native range, for instance widely planted in pulp plantations in FL and s. GA, experimentally planted as far north as NC (and persisting and naturalizing)

Uncommon in GA Coastal Plain, rare in Carolinas. Experimentally planted as far north as NC

Native: Florida

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Red Pine
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Pinus resinosa   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pinus resinosa   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it in high elevation forests, in pine plantations, and persisting after silvicultural planting

Native: north of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Red Spruce, He Balsam
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Picea rubens   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Picea rubens   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Picea rubens 016-02-001   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it . It is common to dominant in spruce and spruce-fir forests at high elevations, scattered in northern hardwood forests, heath balds, boulderfield forests, ridges, and rarely coves, also in bogs or swampy forests at lower elevations (down to about 1000m), ranging in moisture tolerance from dry ridges (though these are often fog-bathed) to saturated peats. Also sometimes planted and naturalized

Uncommon

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Norway Spruce
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Picea abies   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Picea abies   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it to be persisting and escaping from forestry plantations at moderate or high elevations

Rare

Non-native: northern Europe

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Eastern Hemlock, Canada Hemlock
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Tsuga canadensis   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Tsuga canadensis   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Tsuga canadensis 016-03-001   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it in a wide variety of habitats in the mountains, most typically & abundantly in moist sites in ravines or coves along streams, but likely to be found in all but the driest habitats between 300 & 1500m

Common in Mountains, rare in Piedmont

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Carolina Hemlock
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Tsuga caroliniana   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Tsuga caroliniana   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Tsuga caroliniana 016-03-002   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it primarily in open forests on ridge tops, rocky bluffs, or gorge walls, generally in drier and rockier sites than T. canadensis, but the two sometimes grow in close proximity or even intermixed in humid gorges

Rare, endemic to a narrow area of the Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Fraser Fir, She Balsam, Southern Balsam
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Abies fraseri   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Abies fraseri   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Abies fraseri 016-04-001   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it in high elevation forests, from about 1500-2037m

Rare (a Southern Appalachian endemic)

Native to North Carolina, naturalized in Georgia

 


drawing of Abies balsamea, Balsam Fir, Northern Balsam, Canada Balsam need picture of leaf or frond of Abies balsamea, Balsam Fir, Northern Balsam, Canada Balsam need picture of flower of Abies balsamea, Balsam Fir, Northern Balsam, Canada Balsam need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Abies balsamea, Balsam Fir, Northern Balsam, Canada Balsam need picture of fruit of Abies balsamea, Balsam Fir, Northern Balsam, Canada Balsam
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camera icon Common Name: Balsam Fir, Northern Balsam, Canada Balsam
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Abies balsamea   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Abies balsamea   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it in high elevation forests and cliffs

Native: north of the Carolinas

 


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Common Name: European Fir, Silver Fir
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Abies alba   FAMILY: Pinaceae
(?) PLANTS National Database: Abies alba   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Rare

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon Common Name: Eastern Tamarack, Eastern Larch
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Larix laricina   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Larix laricina   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it in bogs and swamps

Native: north of the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Deodar cedar
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Cedrus deodara   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cedrus deodara   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Waifs (frequently planted & rarely escaped to suburban woodlands)

Non-native: Asia

 


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camera icon Common Name: European Larch
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Larix decidua   FAMILY: Pinaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Larix decidua   FAMILY: Pinaceae

 

Look for it in forests. Planted as an ornamental and experimentally as a forest tree, persisting and sometimes escaping in the high mountains of NC

Rare

Non-native: Europe

 


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