Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1177

Shrub
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Mtns & NC Pdmt, uncommon to rare elsewhere (endemic to S. & C. App's)

Look for it in moist forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
5-lobed calyx
Petals absent
5 stamens
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Santalales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Pyrularia pubera   FAMILY Santalaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Pyrularia pubera   FAMILY Santalaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 060-04-001:
Pyrularia pubera   FAMILY Santalaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Buffalo-nut, Oil-nut


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Pyrularia pubera, Buffalo-nut, Oil-nut

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_pypu_001_lvd

        

image of Pyrularia pubera, Buffalo-nut, Oil-nut

JK Marlow    jkm140417_029

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Pyrularia pubera, Buffalo-nut, Oil-nut

JK Marlow    jkm150424_692693

April    Blount County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Calyx 5-lobed; petals absent; style short & thick, per Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast.

image of Pyrularia pubera, Buffalo-nut, Oil-nut

JK Marlow    jkm0305d_23a

May    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

image of Pyrularia pubera, Buffalo-nut, Oil-nut

JK Marlow    jkm0405j_18

May    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Pyrularia pubera, Buffalo-nut, Oil-nut

JK Marlow    jkm060508_141

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Inflorescence an erect terminal spike with greenish apetalous flowers, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Pyrularia pubera, Buffalo-nut, Oil-nut

JK Marlow    jkm140517_808

May    Transylvania County    NC

Leaves thin, the veins on the lower surface raised, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Pyrularia pubera, Buffalo-nut, Oil-nut

Keith Bradley    kab_p_pubera_73417

May        NC

image of Pyrularia pubera, Buffalo-nut, Oil-nut

JK Marlow    s040503_e

May    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Leaves alternate, elliptic, apple green, thin, per Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast.

image of Pyrularia pubera, Buffalo-nut, Oil-nut

JK Marlow    jkm080629_050

June    Greenville County    SC

Chandler Heritage Preserve

The source of the primary common name requires little imagination, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Pyrularia pubera, Buffalo-nut, Oil-nut

JK Marlow    jkm080629_053

June    Greenville County    SC

Chandler Heritage Preserve

image of Pyrularia pubera, Buffalo-nut, Oil-nut

JK Marlow    jkm0310b_12

October    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Fruit a pear-shaped fleshy drupe with a very acrid poisonous oil, per Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast.

image of Pyrularia pubera, Buffalo-nut, Oil-nut

JK Marlow    jkm151024_564

October    Greenville County    SC

Blue Wall Preserve

Twigs grayish to lt brown; buds 5-12mm w several greenish imbricate scales, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.