Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1199

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in Coastal Plain & Mountains)

Look for it in moist & fertile soils of bottomlands & lower slopes, also in xeric sites over calcareous rock (such as limestone), per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate, 5-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx 2-8 lobed, pistillate calyx 6-lobed
Petals absent
3-12 stamens in staminate flowers
Staminate flowers in clustered drooping catkins

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Acorn

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Quercus shumardii   FAMILY Fagaceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Quercus shumardii var. shumardii   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 055-03-016:
Quercus shumardii   FAMILY Fagaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Shumard Oak, Swamp Red Oak


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Quercus shumardii

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_quercus_shumardii_3

January        

image of Quercus shumardii

JK Marlow    jkm090221_014

February    Richland County    SC

Congaree National Park

Acorn cup covers 1/3 or less of nut, which is 15-30mm long, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Quercus shumardii

JK Marlow    jkm090221_024

February    Richland County    SC

Congaree National Park

image of Quercus shumardii

JK Marlow    jkm090221_027

February    Richland County    SC

Congaree National Park

Acorn cup thick, 15-30mm wide, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Quercus shumardii

JK Marlow    s090221_a

February    Richland County    SC

Congaree National Park

image of Quercus shumardii

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_quercus_shumardii

March        

Usually has a clear bole with a buttressed base and shallow root system, per Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America.

image of Quercus shumardii

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_shumardii_rw_4

April        

Male flowers in slender naked drooping catkins, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Quercus shumardii

Gill Newberry    gn09_q_shumardii

September        

Leaves glabrous except for small tufts of hairs in axils of main veins below, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Quercus shumardii

Gill Newberry    gn09_q_shumardii_bark

September        

Bark grayish or darker, with flat-topped ridges thickening with age, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Quercus shumardii

Gill Newberry    gn09_q_shumardii_leaf

September        

image of Quercus shumardii

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_shumardii_acorn

September        

image of Quercus shumardii

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_shumardii_leaves

September        

Leaf w 5-9 lobes, deep sinuses more than halfway to midvein, base truncate, per Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Pin Oak, Scarlet Oak, Shumard Oak and Texas Oak

image of Quercus shumardii

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_shumardii_1bark

December    Floyd County    GA